Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of young children.
2.1 Identify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses.
Illness Sign and symptoms
Child generally feels unwell to begin with and may have a temperature and will then develop red spots (mainly on chest and back to begin with). Spots may then spread to arms, legs and face. The spots then change and become more like a liquid filled blister. These will then dry out and become brown / red scabs.
German Measles (rubella)
First symptoms can be a slight cold / runny nose and temperature, then a rash normally appears on the face after a couple of days and spreads over rest of body
Impetigo Affected area is normally underneath nose and round the mouth, but sometimes arms and legs are affected. The sores develop into yellowy brown crusty scabs.
It is a fungal skin infection. It starts with a circular red patch of inflamed skin which is paler in the middles and the outer skin is red, like a ring has been drawn round. It gradually gets larger by spreading outwards.
Diarrhoea and vomiting Diarrhoea and vomiting can both be symptoms of another illness, but can also be considered illnesses in their own right. Children suffering from diarrhoea and / or vomiting tend to feel unwell, unsettled, tired and weak, have stomach ache, have poor appetite and may have headache (possibly due to dehydration).
Conjunctivitis Red, watery, bloodshot eye(s) and possibly a yellow discharge.
Measles Signs of measles are: a high temperature, dry cough, diarrhoea and vomiting, red blotchy rash which starts on face and spreads downwards, lack of energy and appetite, sore eyes and possible sensitivity to light.
Early symptoms are painful joints and muscles, pale or blotchy skin, possible shivering and extremely cold to touch hands and feet, fever and headache. Later symptoms