Tda 2.1 Describe the Expected Pattern of Development from Birth to 19 Years to Include, Physical, Communication and Intellectual, Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development

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TDA 2.1 Child & Young Persons Development

1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years to include:-

* Physical Development * Communication and Intellectual development * Social , emotional and behavioural development

A child’s development can be measured through physical and language milestones, intellectual, emotional and social development.
Each child follows a similar pattern, but each child can vary in their development and reach milestones at different times in their development. This is called the Holistic Process.

In general, child development progresses:- * From head to toe, beginning at the top of the body and gradually moving downwards. * From inner to outer. Firstly gaining control of muscles close to the trunk/head and then moving outwards so the large muscles in the shoulders and upper arms/thighs are first and the extremities last. * From simple to complex, children progress from simple words to complex sentences. * From general to specific, emotional responses involve the whole body in young babies but may involve only the face in an older child., accessed 04/02/2013

Physical Development

Physical development includes movement skills, gross and fine motor skills, eye - hand co-ordination and general coordination. There is also a significant increase in muscular strength.

From birth to 3 months babies have very little control over their bodies and much of their time is spent sleeping, although this is a very fast growth period for physical development. Their first movements are reflex, for example, suckling, grasping a finger. Gradually baby will start to lift its head and gradual movements of the arms and legs become smoother. The grasp reflex is decreased as the hand-eye coordination develops.

From 3 - 9 months babies will begin to gain control of their neck muscles and their

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