Tuberculosis is a serious infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs. It is transmitted through the air, when an infected person coughs or sneezes
What part of the respiratory system is affected?
Tuberculosis (or TB) affects the lungs.
TB can also be found in other parts of the body, causing different symptoms, like back pain if it is in your spine
TB travels up into your lymph nodes, and can sit dormant for years.
What happens to the body?
Latent TB sits dormant in your body, causing no symptoms, and is not contagious, but it can turn into active TB. Latent TB can sit dormant in your body for years.
Active TB makes you sick, and can spread to others. Symptoms of active TB are: coughing that lasts three or more weeks, coughing up blood, chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing, unintentional weight loss, fatigue, fever, night sweats, chills, and loss of appetite
How can it be prevented?
If you test positive for latent TB, you can take medications to prevent it from becoming active.
If you have active TB, some ways to prevent your active TB from spreading are:
Stay Home: Don't go to work or school or sleep in a room with other people during the first few weeks of treatment for active tuberculosis.
Ventilate the room: Tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small closed spaces where air doesn't move. If it's not too cold outdoors, open the windows and use a fan to blow indoor air outside.
Cover your mouth: Use a tissue to cover your mouth anytime you laugh, sneeze or cough. Put the dirty tissue in a bag, seal it and throw it away.
Wear a mask: Wearing a surgical mask when you're around other people during the first three weeks of treatment may help lessen the risk of transmission
Possible solutions/ healing
With TB, it is necessary to take medication for 6-9 months. If you have latent TB, you probably only have to take one type of medication, but if you have active TB you may have to take several types of