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Taylor started the scientific management movement. Also, he focused on productivity and its improvement. “Taylor 's philosophy focused on the belief that making people work as hard as they could was not as efficient as optimizing the way the work was done.”

IDEAS
✓ By optimizing and simplifying jobs, productivity would increase.
✓ Cooperation between managers and workers is needed.
✓ In the absence of a standardization, there are no appropriate incentives for work to be done quickly and efficiently.
✓ “fair day 's pay for a fair day 's work.”
✓ Efficiency is given by the performance of the best way to complete a task.
✓ Selecting the right people for a job is also part of efficiency because some people accomplish tasks more efficiently than others.

Four Principles of Taylorism
• “Replace working by "rule of thumb," or simple habit and common sense, and instead use the scientific method to study work and determine the most efficient way to perform specific tasks.”
• “Match workers to their jobs based on capability and motivation, and train them to work at maximum efficiency.”
• “Monitor worker performance, and provide instructions and supervision to ensure that they 're using the most efficient ways of working.”
• “Allocate the work between managers and workers so that the managers spend their time planning and training, allowing the workers to perform their tasks efficiently.”

Critiques
• There is not only one right way to do things


Efficiency can be also accomplished by promoting a sense of responsibility in workers so that they can make decisions by their own.

• This allows a quick adaptation to any situation and generates a bigger motivation for the worker.
• “The extreme specialization that Taylorism promotes is contrary to modern ideals of how to provide a motivating and satisfying workplace.” In other words, Taylorism is in opposition to teamwork because it focuses efficiency in individual and not on collective work.



Bibliography: • http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMM_Taylor.htm • http://www.academia.edu/4067269/Fayolism_Fayols_principle_and_elements • http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/henri-fayol.htm • http://business-finance.blurtit.com/1396357/what-are-the-criticism-in-henri-fayol-works

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