Taylor started the scientific management movement. Also, he
focused on productivity and its improvement. “Taylor's philosophy focused on the belief that making people work as hard as they could was not as efficient as optimizing the way the work was done.”
✓ By optimizing and simplifying jobs, productivity would increase. ✓ Cooperation between managers and workers is needed.
✓ In the absence of a standardization, there are no appropriate incentives for work to be done quickly and efficiently.
✓ “fair day's pay for a fair day's work.”
✓ Efficiency is given by the performance of the best way to complete a task. ✓ Selecting the right people for a job is also part of efficiency because some people accomplish tasks more efficiently than others.
Four Principles of Taylorism
• “Replace working by "rule of thumb," or simple habit and common sense, and instead use the scientific method to study work and determine the most efficient way to perform specific tasks.”
• “Match workers to their jobs based on capability and motivation, and train them to work at maximum efficiency.”
• “Monitor worker performance, and provide instructions and supervision to ensure that they're using the most efficient ways of working.” • “Allocate the work between managers and workers so that the managers spend their time planning and training, allowing the workers to perform their tasks efficiently.”
• There is not only one right way to do things
Efficiency can be also accomplished by promoting a sense of responsibility in workers so that they can make decisions by their own.
• This allows a quick adaptation to any situation and generates a bigger motivation for the worker. • “The extreme specialization that Taylorism promotes is contrary to modern ideals of how to provide a motivating and satisfying workplace.” In other words, Taylorism is in opposition to teamwork because it focuses efficiency in individual and not on collective work. • “Taylorism separates manual from mental work”
• “Scientific management in its pure form focuses too much on the mechanics, and fails to value the people side of work”
Fayol & Management
Fayolism is a management style or theory developed
by Henri Fayol in the early 1900s. The theory argues
that the success of an enterprise primarily depends
on the administrative capabilities of its managers
rather than on the technical abilities.
1.Forecasting & Planning:
Planning is the act of anticipating the future and acting onit,determining the stages and the technology necessary to implement it which requires a forecast of events.
Once a plan of action is designed, managers need to organize resources, including raw materials,tools,capital and human. 3. Command:
Commanding is keeping the institution's actions and processes running and to maintain activity among the personnel as managers need to implement the plan.
Co-ordination is the alignment and harmonization of the groups' efforts to facilitate organizational success and communication is the prime coordinating mechanism.
Finally, control means to see that everything is done according to the appropriate rules and procedures by checking the performance of the personnel and making corrections if necessary
✓ Division of Work – When employees are specialized, output can increase because they become increasingly skilled and efficient.
✓ Authority – Managers must have the authority to give orders, but they must also keep in mind that with authority comes responsibility.
✓ Discipline – Discipline must be upheld in organizations, but methods for doing so can vary. ✓ Unity of Command – Employees should have only one direct supervisor. ✓ Unity of Direction – Teams with the same objective should be working under the direction of one manager, using one plan. This will ensure that action is properly coordinated.
Bibliography: • http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMM_Taylor.htm
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