Taylorism,main features criticisms

Topics: Management, Scientific management, The Principles of Scientific Management Pages: 5 (1396 words) Published: March 8, 2014
“Taylorism”: main features, criticisms and modern applications Introduction
Taylor first develops the Taylorism in early 20th century, this system also known as “Scientific Management”. Taylor believes that the fundamental purpose of business management is to maximise labour productivity in both employee and employer side, for the purpose of improve economics efficiency. So according to Taylor himself in The Principles of Scientific Management, 1911, “The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee.” The purpose is to increase labour productivity in order to increase corporate profits or achieve the goal of profit maximization. This essay will answer what is “Taylorism”, what are criticisms of it and do firms uses Taylorism today. Main features of Taylorism

Scientific management, as the named called, is an initial attempt that applies science method to business enterprises, which experience dramatically development and create problems with the labour control. The main aim of Talyorism is achieve economics efficiency by identifying every individuals tools and work processes in production, then use scientific experiment to establish a standard production processes in order to maximase efficiency. Therefore, classify reasons that lead to inefficiency become essential. In Taylorism, inefficiency exists in both workers and management; “slacking” and “soldering” are main inefficiency factors. Moreover, there are two forms of soldiering, natural which due to natural instinct of men to stretch-out and systematic soldiering that refer to relations between workers. In manager side, inefficiency can be regard as incompetence. (Rose, 1978) The most creative part of Taylorsim is “work-study”, that is an experiment of work in order to find “one-best-way” to fulfill the task. The procedure of work-study include, first is select certain amount of skilled labour, second is observe they work in practice to identify relevant element engaged and timing every processes, third, eliminate unnecessary elements, select the quickest methods derived for each elements and set up a appropriate working routine to achieve the “one-best-way”. (Rose, 1978) Based on scientific experiments, not only can designing the best setting of work processes but also the most reasonable labour allocation, standardised methods of operation, and the most appropriate working tools. For example, in “Shoveling” tests, he suggest that depends on the specific weight of material workers shoveled, shovel’s size should also be different. Consequently, he provides different shovels which is suitable for individuals to different workers. (NetMBA, 2010) Taylor's scientific management system will develop a worker's all potential to the highest level if there is no new element to engage. In the Taylor’s system factories, unable to find an extra worker, each worker is like a machine to work incessantly. Taylor pointed out that the basic principles of management is match workers’ ability to appropriate work and find the most suitable job for employees, then training them to become “first-class” workers in order to encouraging them to maximise capacity at work. The “first-class” workers, referred by Taylor are the men who are suitable and most willing to do a certain job. They should “be so stupid and phlegmatic that he more nearly resembles in his mental make-up the ox than any other type.” (Rose, 1978) The “first-class” selection of workers refers to personnel management in the enterprises is allocating the right people on the right jobs. With the aim of develop human potential and promote labor productivity. Taylor does not agree with the traditional work selection by the employees, and with their unreactive self-training. He implies the management should undertake this responsibility which involved scientific selection and continuous training of workers. The Management...

References: Charles D. Wrege and Richard M. Hodgetts (2000), The Academy of Management Journal: Frederick W. Taylor 's 1899 Pig Iron Observations: Examining Fact, Fiction, and Lessons for the New Millennium
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1556350
Frederick W. Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management (New York: Harper Bros., 1911)
Gaurav Akrani (2011) Criticism of Taylor 's Scientific Management – Limitations, KALYAN CITY LIFE
http://kalyan-city.blogspot.com/2011/06/criticism-of-taylor-scientific.html
NetMBA (2010) Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management
http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/scientific/
Ritzer George. (1996), ‘An Introduction to McDonaldization’, in The McDonaldization of Societ, Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press
Rose, M (1987) “Rational Work Men and Incompetent Managers” in Industrial Behavior: Theoretical Development Since Taylor
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