What extent of government regulation allows the citizens of the country the maximum amount of liberty? How much should the government intervene to protect the consumer? These are questions that every society must answer when developing their economic system. And for each question there are multiple answers. Some believe that little to no regulation is necessary, that the market place has natural laws of its own. Others disagree, saying that it is the government's duty to protect the individual from the evils of the free market. Both solutions have definite attributes. The government intervenes the market to correct serious market failures. A market is defined as an organization that allows buyers and sellers to exchange goods or services. A market should be able to allocate the resources efficiently with competition in both sellers and consumers and consists of choices and quality. It should maximize the satisfactions of both consumers and sellers. But markets may create inequality of opportunity, which the disadvantaged groups are usually lack of skills to work and knowledge and promotes inequality of income. A market may also provide collective goods and services inadequately since the main goal of producers is a self-interest wish for a relatively high profit. Consumers are not protected from production faults in a free market. The market mechanism doesn't take into account externalities associated with an economic activity such as pollutions and monopolists may appear and manipulates the market to suits its own intents. Without the government intervention, the problems above will occur. The government intervenes to ensure the adequate provision of goods and services, which the market may not provide if left alone to its own operation. Government intervention is intended to address market failure and market power. The government can influence the types of products produced through their health and safety...
References: Prysock, M. (2006). Withholding Tax Riles government Contractors. Financial Executive, 22, p. 65. Retrieved May 23, 2008, from EBSCOhost database.
Reuters UK (2008). Taxes trigger big drop in U.S. smoking: Report. Retrieved May 25, 2008, from httP://uk.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUKN0927901120070810
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