Task 1 Public Health

Topics: Infectious disease, Epidemiology, Cancer Pages: 5 (1576 words) Published: June 3, 2013
Public health
Methods of promoting and protecting public health P5 P6

The main aims of public health are to improve the health of the nation, this has many benefits as it reduces the amount of illness and disease in the population, reduces the cost of healthcare provision to the NHS, it improves life expectancy, and also educates individuals to take responsibility for their health. Another aim of public health is to reduce health inequalities, this is done by targeting those who are vulnerable and ensuring that equal/improved access to health support is provided, and also that factors that affect health are identified and addressed. The public should also be protected this is done by specific programmes such as immunisation, which means being vaccinated against infectious diseases, this is important to help diseases spreading within the population. Children are vaccinated the most against things like MMR, the elderly commonly receive flu vaccinations. A vaccination is a small dose of the disease which is given to the patient, once this has been done, the body will then produce anti-bodies against it. Another specific programme for protection I am going to cover is health and genetic screening programmes, the purpose of screening is to identify a disease as early as possible in its development to then begin treatment which is likely to be more successful in providing a cure. The earlier a disease is detected, the more likely it is to respond to treatment (such as breast cancer). Some people may not experience signs and symptoms in the early stages of a disease so may not even realise that they have a health condition which needs treating. Disease prevention

Communicable diseases- Sexually transmitted disease
‘’National Chlamydia Screening Programme’’
A communicable disease is a disease that can be spread from one person to another. Chlamydia is a type of bacteria that is frequently transmitted sexually between partners or from an infected mother to her new born child, this is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease. The national chlamydia screening programme was launched in 2003 as part of the Government’s national strategy for sexual health. The purpose of this campaign is to reduce the spread of STIs by more rapid detection and treatment, and to also increase chlamydia screening. Things like online adverts, leaflets, TV adverts, sexual health clinics, and sexual health sessions in schools are provided as the targeted audience is sexually active males and females ages 15-24.

Non-communicable diseases- Bowel cancer
‘’be clear on cancer-bowel cancer’’
A non-communicable disease which is not contagious disease, which cannot be spread from one person to another. They are of long duration and generally slow progression. The be clear on cancer campaign was launched in January 2012 to run for 9 weeks, this was the first national NHS campaign to raise awareness of the signs and symptoms of Bowel cancer. Most cases of bowel cancer first develop inside clumps of cells on the inner lining of the bowel. These clumps are known as polyps. Factors that can lead to bowel cancer are family history, diet, smoking and obesity. The methods used to deliver information on bowel cancer are, TV, leaflets and posers, and bus adverts. The purpose of this campaign is to increase public awareness of symptoms, and to encourage people to visit their GP. Symptoms of bowel cancer can include blood in faeces, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, constipation, and unexplained weight loss.

Environmental protection
From hazards: Control of food preparation
‘’Healthy tums in Brum’’
Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of the natural environment and humans. Healthy tums in Brum was launched in September 2006 by Birmingham city council’s food safety team. The purpose of this campaign is to increase the awareness of food...
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