Understanding the principles and practices of assessment
Define the key concepts and principles of assessment and explain its functions in learning and development.
• What is the purpose of assessment?
• What does assessment aim to achieve?
• How does assessment impact and relate with learning and development?
• Explain the definition of formative and summative assessment.
• Why is initial assessment important and how and when should an initial assessment be completed?
• Explain the meaning of valid, fair, authentic, sufficient and current
As an assessor, how do you ensure you complete your assessments in a ‘fair’ manner
Assessment enables an assessor to establish whether learning has taken place. To certain if the learner has gained the knowledge and understanding, competence or personal, learning and thinking required at the relevant points in their learning journey. Assessment also allows the learner to reflect on the progress they have made, consolidating their learning, and support identification of their next steps.
Assessment is part of the cycle of planning, teaching and learning, focusing on and improving/ reinforcing learning, whilst measuring achievement. It can be formal and informal, as learners will be demonstrating their skills, knowledge and understanding all the time, through tasks, discussions and ongoing activities. Objective feedback is a key aspect of assessment, linked to the assessment criteria, this will support the progressive learning process. This continual process will also identify if a milestone or target planned within an individual learning plan will need to be revisited or adjusted to support an effective learning journey.
There are two main types of assessment, formative assessment and summative assessment.
Formative assessment is the assessment for learning and will identify the learning achieved so far in order to develop learning appropriately.