Taliban peace Talks

Topics: Taliban, Afghanistan, Pakistan Pages: 49 (14048 words) Published: October 6, 2013
DIIS REPORT 2013:06

DIIS REPORT

DIIS REPORT

TALIBAN TALKS
PAST, PRESENT AND PROSPECTS FOR
THE US, AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN
Edited by Mona K. Sheikh & Maja T. J. Greenwood
DIIS REPORT 2013:06

DIIS . DANISH INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
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© Copenhagen 2013, the author and DIIS
Danish Institute for International Studies, DIIS
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ISBN 978-87-7605-550-9 (print)
ISBN 978-87-7605-551-6 (pdf )
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This publication is part of DIIS’s Defence and
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Mona Sheikh, PhD, Postdoc
mosh@diis.dk
Maja Touzari Janesdatter Greenwood, MA, Research Assistant
mtjg@diis.dk

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Contents

Abbreviations

4

Abstract

5

Where are we now? Reintegration, reconciliation and negotiation with the Taliban

7

The US–Taliban talks

13

The Afghanistan–Taliban initiatives

16

The Pakistan–Taliban peace deals

19

The reconciliation process in review

23

Expert views

23

Key challenges

32

Messaging the Taliban

34

Prospects for dialogue – nothing significant to report?

34

Better use of communications

36

Practical measures

37

Options for engagement

38

Defence and Security Studies at DIIS

41

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Abbreviations

ANA

The Afghan National Army

ANP

Awami National Party

APRP

Afghanistan Peace and Reconciliation Programme

FATA

Federally Administered Tribal Areas

HPC

The High Peace Council

ISAF

International Security Assistance Force

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

OIC

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

PTS

Programme Tahkim-e Solh/ Programme for the Strengthening of Peace

TTP

Tehrike Taliban Pakistan

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Abstract

This report* takes stock of the burgeoning efforts to achieve some level of reconciliation with the Taliban after more than 11 years of war. It deals with the recent history of initiatives to engage with the Taliban, outlines the challenges to these initiatives and derives some recommendations for how to move forward with the peace processes.

The first part written by Mona Kanwal Sheikh gives a brief background to, and status overview of the different initiatives that the US, Afghanistan and Pakistan have taken in order to initiate a peace process with the Taliban. Quoting extracts from recent interviews with experts from Afghanistan and Pakistan who have followed the different initiatives on peace and reconciliation closely, the second part identifies the challenges to the present situation and initiatives. The final part, written by Afghanistan analyst Tim Foxley, puts forward some thought-provoking recommendations on how to create a communication environment that can serve as a foundation for a viable peace process.

* We owe special thanks to Thomas Ruttig from the Afghanistan Analysts Network for providing much appreciated feedback on an earlier draft of this report. The editors of this report remain responsible for the final version of this report.

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Where are we now? Reintegration, reconciliation and
negotiation with the Taliban
Mona Kanwal Sheikh

Any hopes of a military victory over the Taliban in Afghanistan have long been abandoned – both by the US and its allies in Pakistan, and by the Karzai-led government in Afghanistan. That the Taliban enjoy some kind of legitimacy or represent segments of popular sentiment is becoming the point of departure in some of the...


Cited: http://www.telegraphnepal.com/views/2011-11-10/afghan-csos-fail-in-making-peace-building-efforts (retrieved
22 January 2013).
asp?id=114 (retrieved 22 January 2013).
in Afghanistan”, Crisis Group Asia Report no 221, 2012, http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-asia/
afghanistan/221-talking-about-talks-toward-a-political-settlement-in-afghanistan.aspx (retrieved 22 January
DIIS REPORT 2013:06
was initially led by the former Afghan President (1992–1996) and leader of the
or Turkey to host a competing set of talks, which however never materialised. He
even recalled his ambassador to Qatar (14 December 2011) in protest over the
For a thorough evaluation of the APRP and the challenges to its implementation, see Deedee Derksen, “Peace
From the Bottom-Up? The Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program”, PRIO Paper, 2011, http://www.prio.
no/Publications/Publication/?x=4953 (retrieved 22 January 2013).
tribune.com.pk/story/415279/dialogue-with-taliban-joint-commission-for-afghan-peace/ (retrieved 1
March 2013)
The High Peace Council Peace Process Roadmap to 2015 (2012): http://www.foreignpolicy.com/files/121213_
Peace_Process_Roadmap_to_2015.pdf (retrieved 22 January 2013).
www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/afghanistan/9735539/Taliban-could-govern-parts-of-Afghanistanunder-new-peace-deal.html (retrieved 22 January 2013).
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