Early cricket was at some time or another described as "a club striking a ball (like) the ancient games of club-ball, stool-ball, trap-ball, stob-ball". Cricket can definitely be traced back to Tudor times in early 16th-century England. Written evidence exists of a game known as creag being played by Prince Edward[->1], the son of Edward I (Longshanks)[->2], at Newenden, Kent in 1301 and there has been speculation, but no evidence, that this was a form of cricket.
A number of other words have been suggested as sources for the term "cricket". In the earliest definite reference to the sport in 1598, it is called creckett. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders[->3] when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy[->4], the name may have been derived from the Middle DutchHYPERLINK \l "cite_note-6"[->5] krick(-e), meaning a stick (crook); or the Old English[->6] cricc or cryce meaning a crutch or staff. In Old French[->7], the word criquet seems to have meant a kind of club or stick. In Samuel Johnson[->8]'s Dictionary, he derived cricket from "cryce, Saxon, a stick". Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word krickstoel, meaning a long low stool used for kneeling in church and which resembled the long low wicket[->9] with two stumps[->10] used in early cricket. According to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert of Bonn University[->11], "cricket" derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey[->12], met de (krik ket)sen (i.e., "with the stick chase"). Dr Gillmeister believes that not only the name but the sport itself is of Flemish origin.
[->15][->16]The first English touring team on board ship at Liverpool[->17] in 1859
The earliest definite reference to cricket being played in England (and hence anywhere) is in evidence given at a 1598 court case which mentions that "creckett" was played on common land in