Take Home Essay
During 600 BCE to 600 CE, classical civilization thrived, with more interactions between societies, new political power, and organization in East Asia. During this era, China was falling apart, thus there was many political changes, such as different rulers trying to reunify China together. While there was many changes due to China forming from warring states to empire, there was also continuous political philosophy during this period – Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. Changes included the fall and rise of multiple dynasties, and also the struggle for political power. One main change of China during this era is the formation of an empire, and ending imperial states. China’s civilization became too large, and had rivalry among elites, which created instability in the imperial states. During the warring states, 4 dynasties fought for power, creating chaos and disorder in China. China had many falls of different dynasties. Hans dynasty followed after the Qin. Then after Hans collapsed, three kingdoms occurred, making it a struggle and battle for political power. China experienced drastic changes, from almost collapsing during 350 years of chaos, restored ordered once Sui dynasty was formed in 589 CE.
During this time period, traditional Chinese thought remained. Legalism, Confucianism, and Daoism was practiced, hoping to use different ways of thought to restore China. Confucianism, being continuously influential, caused the continuity of filial piety. On the other hand, Buddhism was newly introduced during this time by Indian missionaries, and became very widespread among the Chinese. Another continuity was the keeping of The Mandate of Heaven the whole era, giving rulers more power and respect. The expansion of China was also a change, and gain in political power along with new inventions such as paper and tea. The interactions with other civilizations still continued and the Silk Road trade was a continuous activity.
China during this classical era from 600 BCE to 600 CE experienced many shifts in power and dynasties. This time brought new changes and political power of different rulers along with new thoughts of Buddhism. Yet, some things still remained unchanged, such as traditional Chinese philosophy, trade, economy, agriculture, and social standings.