Taj Mahal GiaMariakis

Topics: Taj Mahal, Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan Pages: 5 (1568 words) Published: April 23, 2015

Taj Mahal
Specific purpose: To inform my audience about how and why the Taj Mahal was built. Central Idea: (SLIDE) The Taj Mahal is a beautiful and timeless creation that took much thought but the history and love that went into it is just as astounding. Introduction:

Attention Getter: The Taj Mahal is one of the new Seven Wonders of the World not only because of its beauty but because of the amazing history behind it and its construction. When most would give flowers or jewelry to remember the ones the loved when they passed, Shah Jahan gave his wife Mumtaz Mahal a beautiful mausoleum or tomb that would be fit for a God. Incrusted with jewels in white marble it sure is a sight that will take your breath away. 1. The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, India (SLIDE) which is in the Northern central of India (SLIDE), is the greatest display of love there has ever been and it is still standing 361 years later. It’s a wonder at the amount of work that Shah Jahan (Mughal emperor of the 17th century) put into this impeccable monument fit for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. A. Inspiration came from his family combining strength and beauty. All while trying to build this amazing structure on a rivers edge (SLIDE) which was almost impossible at the time but with a new system made it not only possible but it is a system that is still used today. B. The emperor employed masters of their art in every field; sources claim that elephants carried construction material, while many laborers spent many years at this labor of love, which began in 1632 and was finally completed in 1654. 2. (SLIDE) Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan’s third a final wife, she was also his most deeply loved wife, she was even his best counselor. A. She was treated with the most affection and respect. After Shan’s other wives bore his children they were only wife by name. Mumtaz and Shah’s love was something that had never been seen before and was not unnoticed. B. After, her untimely death her last dying wish was to have a monument build in her memory and of their love for one another. (Transition: Let’s start by looking closer at the amazing details in the architecture.) Body:

1. After many ideas for a monument had been submitted to the emperor, he rejected every one. Shah Jahan and his main architect, named Ustad Ahmad Lahauri took parts of other tombs to come up with the Taj Mahal construction began in 1632 but supporting such a large building on the edge of a river without it falling in would be a bigger task. . A. Shan Jahan took the best parts of his fore-father’s tombs to create a series of buildings that is widely known as The Taj Mahal. i. The minarets are from his father’s tomb. The four pillars on each corner are all slightly leaned outward just in case an earthquake occurred they would not fall inward and crush his love. (SLIDE) ii. The four corner terraces are from his great-grandfather’s mausoleum. These are series of balconies on the rounded corners. (SLIDE) iii. The four large doorway are from his grandfather’s tomb. (SLIDE) iiii. And the famous onion shaped dome is inspired from the memorial of a famous ancestor. (SLIDE) B. The well foundation is what helps keep the Taj Mahal from falling into the Yucama River. It can easily be described as a series of rows of columns with archways. (SLIDE) These wells if you will are to hold the entire structure of the Taj Mahal, The Mosque (place of worship) and guesthouse. i. Building a solid foundation took the most time in the construction process. It took roughly between 15-17 years to complete. Once this was successfully figured out the rest of the complex went up very fast. 2. When you think of the great and beautiful Taj Mahal, do you really think of all the different people, animals, and years it took to assemble it? A. (SOURCE) According to Deepa Agarwal a writer on India’s history, the emperor employed masters of their art in every field: i. “Stonecutters journeyed from Baluchistan on the Arabian...

Cited: Agarwal, Deepa. "The Taj Mahal." Cricket 40.5 (2013): 28. Primary Search. Web. 6 Mar. 2015.
Akbar the Great, Mogul Emperor of India. Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2000. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. .
Islamic Art. Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 1988. Web. 2 Mar. 2015. .
Tasker, Shane. "Taj Mahal: Monument To Love." World & I 23.1 (2008): 8. History Reference Center. Web. 7 Mar. 2015.
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