Tagalog Literature: History and Tradition
DOMINGO GOAN LANDICHO
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Tagalog literature has been born, cradled, nourished and peaked into fruition in the provinces of Southern Luzon, Central Luzon and the present Metropolitan Manila or the National Capital Region.
Among the Southern Tagalog provinces are Cavite, Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, Aurora, Oriental Mindoro, Occidental Mindoro, Marinduque, Palawan and some towns of Rizal province. In Central Luzon, there are three provinces where Tagalog is predominantly used and these are the provinces of Nueva Ecija, Bataan and Bulacan. Metro Manila is comprised of cities composing the national capital region namely Manila, Quezon City, Pasay City, Caloocan City, Mandaluyong City, Pasig City, Marikina City, Muntinlupa City and suburban towns of Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela, Pateros and Taguig. Some parts of the provinces that are not originally Tagalog cannot escape the onslaught of Tagalog language and culture, like some parts of the Bicol region and Pampanga.
THE CRADLE OF CULTURE
Tagalog region is the birthplace of a rich tradition of Philippine culture in language, politics, economy and literature.
The oldest university in the Philippines, University of Sto. Tomas is located in Manila. The first printing press was established in Manila. This gave way to the publication of the first book, Doctrina Cristiana in xylography in 1593, written in Spanish and Tagalog versions. The bible was first translated into Tagalog in Barlaan and Josaphat in 1708 and 1712. The life of Christ in epic tradition known popularly today as Pasyon was written in Tagalog by various writers like Gaspar Aquino de Belen and Fr. Mariano Pilapil.
The literary tradition in the Tagalog regions specially outstanding in the field of oral literature like bugtong (riddle), proverbs, native songs. These oral literatures are...
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