Firstly, I will begin by explaining the meaning of Transactional Analysis (TA), and the dynamics behind this.
Eric Berne was the founder of ‘TA’ in the 1950’s. ‘TA’ is a theory of personality and social psychology within the humanistic tradition.’ (www.functionalfluency.com/what is transactional analysis?) Berne developed the theory and practice of ‘TA’ as a method of psychotherapy.
‘Transactional analysis (TA) means the exploration of all the component parts of psycho/social exchanges between people - in other words, finding out how people tick and what is going on between them.’ (www.functionalfluency.com/TA’s name).
The approach is integrative, and combines various aspects of counselling approaches, psychodynamic, humanistic and behaviourist. It looks at the cognitive effect of human experience. It offers a framework for understanding different personalities. It provides an understanding of how people react, and inter-react, with each other, and how our minds work.
TA is based on the notion that we have three parts, or ego-states, to our personality, and that these converse with one another in 'transactions'. When two people communicate, each exchange is a ‘transaction’. Many of our problems come from transactions which are unsuccessful, and this can be due largely to the attitudes
Bibliography: Berne E (2010): Games People Play; London; Penguin Books Stewart I and Joines V (2005): TA Today; Nottingham and Chapel Hill; Lifespace Publishing