FACULTY: ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT: COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA
COURSE: AMT 213 (GROUP DYNAMICS)
TASK: CAT 1 (GROUP WORK)
LECTURER: MRS. DOREEN ORAWO
1. VERTICAL,DIAGONAL,HORIZONTAL AND CENTRIFUGAL
2. LISTENING BEHAVIOUR
| ADMISSION NO.
| MERCY AWINO OSONGO
| HABIL KEVIN WAGA
| MWONGA MESHACK KITEMA
| MAITHYA DAVID KITHEKA
| MIRIAM NYAMIRA NYAMAMBA
| NAMASAKA PETER WAFULA
| LORRINE ATIENO
| MATANKA JOY ATIENO
| ODHIAMBO CHRISTABEL
QUESTION 1: VERTICAL, DIAGONAL, HORIZONTAL AND CENTRIFUGAL
Systems of interaction refer to ways/manner in which members of a group relate and interact with each other during performance of tasks in order to achieve a common desired goal. There are different systems of interaction in group dynamics. They include; * Vertical/ Maypole system of interaction
* Horizontal/ Round robin system of interaction
* Diagonal/ Hot seat system of interaction
* Centrifugal/ Free floating system of interaction.
The vertical system of interaction is a system whereby, the leader is the central figure. Communication flows from the leader to the member and from the member to the leader. The leader directly engages with members in the group. He/she interacts with members by giving a chance to each at a time. The leader is a group member who is seen to be at a high level/position than the other members. Therefore, communication flowing appears to flow from up to down and vice versa hence vertical interaction. Vertical interactions can be practiced in both small and primary types of groups.
Example: in a group discussion a group leader allows members one at a time to present ideas/views to him though ideally he/she is communicating to other group members. Through this the interaction between the leader and the member qualify to be maypole since the group leader who is at a higher level communicates with a member at a common level.
2. Horizontal/round robin
In this interaction the members take turns in talking.
Unlike the vertical interaction the manner of engagement is of the same level. The leader is not of influence hence equal contributions among members. The members take turn in talking and all members are given equal chance to engage in the activity. Example: in vetting committees i.e. the truth justice and reconciliation commission all members involved take turns in interviewing a person to achieve job appointment task. This interaction is practiced among secondary and reference groups.
3. Diagonal/hot seat
In diagonal system of interaction, a member interacts with the leader one at a time but they are allowed to contribute more than once. Therefore, there is extended back and forth exchange between the leader and a member as others watch. It is considered to be a small, primary, secondary or reference type of interaction among groups. Example; in a Bible Study session, an advent who is the leader, would back and forth engage with the members of the small congregation.
This interaction between the advent and members qualify the interaction to be hot seat.
4. Centrifugal/free floating
This system of interaction is based upon the organization of the members of the group who take responsibility for all the activities in the communication process. Members take into account their ability to contribute effectively to the topic or the piece of work being handled. This kind of interaction can take place in small, primary, secondary and even reference types of groups.
Classification of systems of interaction
Systems of interaction can be categorized into two;
* Group centered
* Leader centered
1. Group centered;
This refers to...
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