Synthesis Paper

Topics: Mother, Childhood, Mothers Pages: 6 (2018 words) Published: July 31, 2015
Synthesis Paper organizational behavior
Working Mothers
As the role of a woman has been altered over time, many questions have been asked about what these changes mean for society.  Debates are prevalent that it is a man’s place to be at work, and a woman’s to be in the home. Women of past years  could be found in the home, caring for and rearing their children, silently taking their place behind their husband.  However, the culture has recently changed. Since the Women’s Rights Movement in the 1960s  and the arrival of a career-oriented feminist movement, women have been filling up the workplace, becoming lawyers, doctors, CEO’s, and accounting for many of the positive changes that have taken place in the world up to today.  According to F. Carolyn Graglia, a book reviewer at the Claremont Institute,  “feminists [of that time] successfully propagated the message that homemaking and childrearing were second-class endeavors” (par. 2) which led many mothers to work outside the home.  The extraordinary increase of mothers into the workplace continually swelled and by the time 1985 rolled around,  the majority of mothers with young children were working outside the home. The result of mothers working has now begun to raise questions about the effects on children because of the impact mothers have on future generations.  Jann Flury,  a syndicated writer, claims that woman is the giver of life. She says that a bond between the mother and the child is formed at birth and that motherhood is the “innate nurturing of a child with attentive maternal tenderness and affection” (par. 1) .  If mother appears to be of such importance in a child’s life, what would happen without her involvement in the development of her children?  Maternal absence, says Graglia, “is implicated in the savage behaviors of serial and teenaged killers and in increased feral behaviors ranging from elementary school violence to suicides” (par. 6) .  She goes on to say that maternal absence is also connected to the number of children diagnosed with mental disorders.  And so, the question has been raised, are working mothers really harming, or even neglecting, their children by working outside the home?   Will the rise in working mothers influence this world’s future for better…or for worse?             An article written by Aletha Huston and Stacey Aronson in Child Development argues their beliefs, on the basis of collective data, that mothers are harming their children in their development by working outside the home.  In agreement, Eugene Smolensky, editor of Working Families and Growing Kids: Caring for Children and Adolescents, states in his book that children are being put at a disadvantage in their development when their mothers work.  These two authors do not say that working mothers are directly harming their children, but they conclude that the child’s development is hindered as a result of the mother working.  On the contrary,  in his bookCaring for Your Baby and Young Child, editor Steven Shelov and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) finds that children who have a mother that works are not being harmed in their development, and that, despite prior research, these children are in actuality being taught by an “excellent role model” (par. 4). Paul Gregg, who writes in The Economic Journal, agrees with Shelov.  He claims that daycare is just as influential in a child’s learning as a mother might be and so the child is not harmed by a working mother.  Holding opinions similar to both views of the argument is Tara Mounce, author of a debate web base. She agrees with both sides of the argument in her article “Working Mothers.” She states that there are both positive and negative effects on the child.  Huston and Aronson, authors of the article “Mother’s Time with Infant and Time in Employment,” argue that the amount of time a mother spends with her child is an indicator of the quality of the child’s development.   They claim that maternal...

Cited: Gregg, Paul.  “The Impact of Working Mums on Children’s Early Learning.”  The
Economic Journal (2005).  20 Oct 2005 
Employment.”  Child Development.  76.2 (2005):  pp.467-482.  24 Oct 2005
Smolensky, Eugene (ed).  Working Families and Growing Kids:  Caring for Children and Adolescents.  Washington D.C., U.S.A., 2003.  Ebrary.  National Academies Press.  19 Sept 2005
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