Swing and Bebop
Glenn Miller successful band leader. Signature music: "In the Mood." Played trombone in the Dorsey brothers. Played in Ben Pollack's band.
Bud Powell piano, instrumental in the development of bebop.
Kenny Clarke House drummer at Minton's playhouse.
Jay McShann pianist and band leader; his band features the likes of Ben Webster and Charlie Parker.
Swing Street reference to 52nd street which hosted major jazz clubs during the swing and the bebop era.
Minton's Playhouse a Harlem jazz club that saw the emergence of bebop and hosted artists such as Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Christian. the house band included Thelonious Monk on piano, Joe Guy on trumpet, Nick Fenton on bass, and Kenny Clarke on drums.
Billy Strayhorn famous for his collaboration with Duke Ellington.
Billy Berg's jazz club in Hollywood.
Lionel Hampton one of the first to use the vibraphone in jazz. Part of Benny Goodman's quartet, along with Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson and Goodman. This group was one of the first racially integrated group to perform. Many renowned artists passed through his group: Dizzie Gillespie, Clifford Brown, Wes Montgomery, Quincy Jones, etc.
The band to follow Duke Ellington at the Cotton Club was Cab Calloway's band. Though classically trained singer in the opera, he always aspired to be in show business. He went to Chicago where he joined the Alabamians, who later changed their name to the Missourians when they moved to New York. Calloway was not a jazz singer but a showman who surrounded himself with jazz musicians. By the late 1930's Cab Calloway was the most successful African American band leader in the country.
Milt Hinton, Chu Berry, Dizzy Gillespie all played at Cab Calloway's band. Chu Berry was next in line after Coleman Hawkins. When Lester Young was fired from the Fletcher Henderson Band, Berry was the guy to replace him.
Jimmy Lunsford's band was a