Swine Flu

Topics: Influenza, Swine influenza, 2009 flu pandemic Pages: 6 (1058 words) Published: December 3, 2014


Swine Flu

Pre-Clinic
DHYG 1331
Audrey Aguirre

Audrey Aguirre
Pre-Clinic
Mrs. Rico
11-1-2014
Swine Flu
When you think Swine Flu, you automatically think, “Okay, this is going to be something that has to do with pigs.” Well, you’re right, it does have to do with pigs, but it is a transmissible disease that affects not only the pigs, but us as well. In 1918, there was a flu pandemic. A pandemic is an infectious transmissible disease that has spread throughout the human populations. While this huge flu outbreak was going on, scientist had also noticed how the pigs were sick as well. They put two and two together and that is when the research began. Since 1918, new strains have emerged, some even being found in birds. The most common type of influenza is H1N1, which originated from this 1918 outbreak. When there was a scare with the “Mad Cow Disease”, everyone was extremely frightened and did not want to eat hamburgers for the longest time. We all thought the meat was tainted! This is not the case with swine flu. You cannot get sick from eating bacon or pork. This is not the way that swine flu works. People who work on farms or work with pork meat do have a higher risk of getting swine flu. It is not a disease that is easily caught and spread, due to the advancement in knowledge since 1918. However, the 2009 outbreak proved otherwise. In 2009, the World Health Organization confirmed a H1N1 pandemic. The thing was that people who had no contact with pigs were being infected. Zoonosis is known as disease being transmitted from non-human animals to humans. This would mean, like stated before, people who actually work with pigs. People such as hog farmers, veterinarians, and butchers. This is an example of zoonosis, yet in 2009, people all over the United States, who were nowhere near pigs were getting swine flu. This disease was not one of zoonosis, but human to human transfer. This caused a huge alarm for the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, they estimated 60.8 million cases from April of 2010 to April of 2011. In one year, there were 274,304 people who were hospitalized because of this disease. Of those thousands, 12,469 were deaths, all due to the H1N1. (CDC) Imagine the panic of knowing that there is a disease spreading so fast. The media does not make it any better, causing more panic and frustration. If we could go back, the best thing to do would be to inform all these people of the proper safety precautions to take. If you look back, this was a flu that did spread rapidly, but could have been handled a lot better due to proper education.

Swine flu has symptoms that are similar to the common flu. You have fever, fatigue, cough, chills, sore throat, headaches, runny nose, and body aches. People with swine flu will also have diarrhea and vomiting. Since the symptoms are so common, it is hard to accurately diagnose someone with swine flu instead of mistaking it for the flu. Because they are so similar in symptoms, doctors will have to do a test to determine whether it is swine flu or a seasonal flu. To try and avoid the flu and swine flu takes simple precautions. Informing people of getting correctly vaccinated is the main priority. The flu vaccinations that you should be getting will help to fight the swine flu. Medications like Tamiflu and Relenza can help with the flu as well, although there have been cases to where the body becomes immune and will not fight off the flu. Another major part of this whole spreading issue is cleanliness. When people cough or sneeze who are infected, they leave germs. These germs not only land on things such as doorknobs, or chairs, they float around in the air that we breathe. The items around us are infected, the air we breathe is infected, all because one person sneezed or coughed. This can be avoided if certain precautions are taken. First of all you should not be out if you feel as if you are coming down with the...

Cited: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swine_influenza
http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/flu-guide/h1n1-flu-virus-swine-flu?page=2
http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/estimates_2009_h1n1.htm
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