Sustainable Tourism Climate Change

Topics: Tourism, Great Barrier Reef, Earth Pages: 8 (2198 words) Published: October 18, 2012
With Reference to theory and practice, discuss whether climate change represents the most serious challenge to the sustainability of the tourism industry


- Explain climate change and sustainable tourism

- Identify the link between climate change and sustainable tourism show how they link together

- Must recognise that there are limitations to this link and criticise it

- Explain that climate change needs to go beyond tourism to be addressed and succeeded.

- Make a compelling argument

- Must display innovative insight into the subject


- Explain climate change and sustainable tourism and how they link together and the purpose of the essay

- Note that there are other factors that affect sustainability not just climate change


- Bruntland Report

- Rio Earth Summit

- Examples of approaches to sustainable development like- The Ladder of Sustainability (Baker et al 1997.)

- Hunter’s Magic Pentagon Model

- Agenda 21


- Sum up the overall essay and determine, is climate change the most serious challenge to sustain tourism?

With Reference to theory and practice, discuss whether climate change represents the most serious challenge to the sustainability of the tourism industry

There are many ethical tourism concerns about human beings interaction with the environment, which has come at a detrimental cost of environmental problems resulting from man kinds actions. Climate change is at the heart of planet Earth’s issues and continues to increase. With the recognition of this alarming rate, humans are now striving to take a long term approach and implement sustainable tourism policies to overcome this. This paper will explore and critique the phenomenon of sustainable tourism using theory, practice and examples, and whether climate change is its biggest challenge.

Sustainable development has long been difficult to define as it means different things to people with different views. However it is often referred to as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations’ (Bruntland Report 1987.) It also makes up the environmental, economical and socio attributes of the tourism industry. Brutland’s Report, ‘Our Common Future Campaign’ continues to urge that there is a clear link between climate change and sustainable development,’ “Environment and development are not separate challenges, they are linked. These problems cannot be treated separately by fragmented institutions and policies; they are linked in a complex system of cause and effect’ (WCED 1987:37.) Here it is evident that environment and development must work coherently together as one cannot be achieved if the other is suffering. Therefore the link between sustaining tourism should help prevent climate change and destruction of the world’s atmosphere if accomplished perpetually. In contrast, it is argued that there are many limitations to this link as climate change must go far beyond the strains of tourism to be accomplished. In addition to this, there are many other anthropogenic constraints that are also decrementing Earth on a local and global scale such as; damage to the environment, water droughts, noise, air, and water pollution. The core values of the Bruntland Report were to battle poverty, and accomplish economic growth whilst stabilising population numbers, inevitably the actuality did not meet the high expectations set out and was criticised. This soon led to the United Nations Conference on Environment Development (UNCED) ‘Rio Earth Summit 1992.’

As a result of the conference ‘Agenda 21’ was set out by UNCED it was a plan related to sustainable development at local, regional and national levels. It strived for improvement and more sustainability. However it was criticised for lack of progress as the environment continued to deteriorate and mass...

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Holden.A (2001) Environment and Tourism. Routledge, London
Jafari.J (1989) An English Language Literature Review. In: Bystranowski, J ed. (ed.) Tourism as a Factor of Change: a socio-cultural Study. Centre for Research and Documentation in Social Sciences, Vienna.
Muller. H (1994) The thorny path to sustainable tourism development. Journal of sustainable Tourism Vol 2, pg 132-136
The Environment Encyclopaedia (2001.) Europa Publications Limited, 3rd Ed.
UNCSD (1997) United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development. Available at: Accessed: 27th February 2012
UN(2000) Millennium Development Goals. Available at: Accessed: 1st March 2012
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