Sustainable Tourism and Destination Management

Pages: 7 (2480 words) Published: August 9, 2011
FREDERICK PAPPOE|
CTH STUDENT NUMBER: 21565|
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SUBJECT: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND DESTINATION MANAGEMENT ASSIGNMENT|

INTRODUCTION
Climate change has being a major concern and challenge for many countries across the globe, especially for the developing countries. The tourism industry is a major contributor to the emission of GHG, and all nations and economic sectors will have to contend with the challenges of climate change, through adaptation and mitigation. Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, derived especially from the transportation and accommodations of the tourist. The aircraft which burns fossil fuel, the coaches, cars, machineries all emits carbon dioxide (co2) and carbon monoxide into the atmosphere. All these transportation means contribute intensively to climate. Some studies have shown that air transport emits 2-3% of the GHG. Transport by air, road and rail is continuously increasing in response to the rising number of international tourist. Carbon dioxide and monoxides from tourist transports has contributed to severe local air pollution, some of these impacts are quite specific to tourist activities, for example, some tour buses carrying tourist in some destinations often leave their motors running for hours while the tourists go out for an excursion, because they want to return to a comfortably air-conditioned bus, all these contributes to the climate change. Also the accommodation sector such as the hotels, inns, and so many more has also contributed squarely to the GHG emissions, through the use energy from heating to cooling etc. Even though most hotels are helping to conserve power and energy, some hotel guest will rather prefer to ignore all these sustainable energy practises such as opening the windows whiles the air-conditioning is working. Even though most hotels have standby generators, it is still not suitable for the environment because it is powered by fossil fuel, which emits harmful gases. This essay is going to look at how France cuts down energy use and adopts the actions of the Davos declaration.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE DAVOS DECLARATION
Climate is the average weather condition of a place over a particular or long period of time. The tourism industry and destinations are clearly sensitive to climate variability and change. Climate defines the length and quality of tourism seasons and plays a major role in destination choice and tourist spending. The tourism industry relies extensively on the climate of a destination to promote tourism in that destination, for example in some cold countries like Switzerland and Ukraine; tourist depends on the snow for their ski holiday. But several tourism activities affect the climate from tourist transportations to accommodation, making tourism a major contributor to climate change through its GHG emissions. Even though tourism is a major contribution to climate change, it can also play a significant role in addressing climate change, if all innovations and resources are fully mobilize and oriented towards this goal, thus the coming together of The United Nation World Tourism Organization(UNWTO), jointly with the United Nation Environmental Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) with the help of the World Economic Forum(WEF) and the Swiss government organized the second international conference on climate change and tourism in Davos, Switzerland from 1st to 3rd October 2007, the conference agreed on several reasons to help respond to climate change and reduce the GHG emissions if the tourism is to develop in a sustainable way

BACKGROUND OF COUNTRY
The essays looks at France and how it is adopting the actions of Davos declaration, located in Western Europe, and it is also the largest country in Western Europe. France has over 60 million tourist visits each year, making the country one of the largest tourist destination in the world if not number one. Many people or tourist visits France for its exceptional cuisines...

References: Change: understanding, anticipation, adapting, participating in the common effort. (Online) http:// www.un.org
Energy efficiency policies (online) viewed 28 May 2011 www.iea.org/textbase/pm/?mode=pm&id=4298&action=detail
Gonzales, R, (February 18, 2011) Mitigation and Adaptation of climate change, viewed 23 May 2011, http://www.allvoices.com/contrubuted-news/8228847-mitigation-and-adaptation-of-climate-change.
Gossling. S. & Hall, C.M. (2006) an introduction to tourism and global environmental change, London, Routledge
Predit (May 20, 2011) Experimentation and innovation in land transportation, viewed 28 may 2011, http://www.predit.prd.fr/predit4/english.html
Robin Hood Tax http://www.robinhoodtax.ca/howitworks viewed 27 May 2011
Scott, D. (2006). Climate change and sustainable tourism in the 21st century. In:J. Cukier (Ed), tourism Research: Policy, planning, and prospects
United Nations World Tourism Organisation (2007). Tourism Development and Climate
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