Sustainable Management and Development of Fisheries

Pages: 16 (4292 words) Published: February 20, 2012
Table of Contents

V.THE POSITIVE IMPACT OF THE POLICY TOWARDS ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION3 1.Policy1. Sustainable management and development of fisheries3 2.Policy 2 & 3 Decentralisation and community involvement in fisheries management & Regional, Zonal and community co-operation in fisheries management3 3.Policy 4,12&13. Institutions and funding mechanisms, Human resource development & Research3 4.Policy5. Investment in fisheries3

5.Policy.6 Planning and policy making3
6.Policy 7 Information3
7.Policy 8.The environment and fisheries3
8.Policy 9. Aquaculture3
9.Post-harvest fish quality and added value & 11. Fish marketing and trade3 VI.GAPS ON THE POLICY TOWARDS ENVIRONMENT3
1.Policy 1. Sustainable management and development of fisheries3 2.Policy 8. The environment and fisheries3
3.Policy 9. Aquaculture3


Ethiopia is a land-locked country and depends on its inland water bodies for fish supply for its population. The country's water bodies have a surface area estimated at 7 334 km2 of major lakes and reservoirs, and 275 km2 of small water bodies, with 7 185 km of rivers within the country (Wood and Talling, 1988). Current annual total fish production potential is estimated 51 481 tonne. It has, on average, grown by 10 percent per year. Current per capita fish production is less than 240 g per person per year. Success in fisheries has been attributed mainly to a favorable economic policy, which attracts private sector participation and project assistance in the fishery sector. The fishery is predominantly artisanal, currently involving 15 000 fishers (of which 5 000 are considered full-timers (FAO, 2003; ADA & FDE, 2004). Aquaculture in Ethiopia remains more potential than actual practice, despite the fact that the country's physical and socio-economic conditions support its development. Extensive aquaculture in the form of stocking and enhancing artificial lakes, reservoirs and small water bodies has been practiced since 1975. Aquaculture is recognized as an alternative means of achieving food security and poverty reduction in the rural area, and is now considered an integral part of rural and agricultural development policies and strategies. Though Ethiopians are traditionally meat eaters, eating habits have been shifting in favor of fish in areas and communities where there is regular and sufficient supply. In those communities, annual fish consumption can exceed 10 kg/person. Ethiopia’s favorable climate, as well as freshwater and biodiversity resources are under threat from mainly anthropogenic activities. The main environmental challenges the country is facing are: Increasing climatic variability, Pollution of surface and ground water bodies, Land degradation and soil nutrient loss, Loss of biodiversity through habitat alteration, Over-harvesting of natural resources (FAO, 2003). The major environmental problems associated with fishery resource in Ethiopian water bodies are: ➢ depletion through over-fishing aggravated by use of destructive fishing gear and methods; ➢ eutrophication of the lakes and other forms of pollution; ➢ inadequate information on the fisheries resources and the state of the aquatic environmental to guide management decisions; ➢ an inappropriate regulatory framework; and

➢ inadequate funding for the fisheries sector activities. Therefore it has become necessary to give attention for the development and rational utilization of this resource through formulation of appropriate and environmentally sound fishery policy. Here we reviewed the policy from the environmental perspective. We come across to a conclusion that some of the policies have negative impacts on the environment even though they have developmental...
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