Rubina Akther Priya
Prof. Dina Le Gall
March 3 2015
Engaging in Qur’anic Surahs
The Quran is a sacred text that Muslims believe to be the actual words of Allah as he revealed to Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) over 14000 years ago. In Surah Al- Hajr, “We, Ourselves, have sent down the Dhikr (the Qur‘an), and We are there to protect it.” [15:9]. The Quran guides and addresses all aspects of life through many topics which includes but is not limited to faith, justice, virtue and worship. The Quran is structured through 114 “Surahs”, which means “Chapters”. Each Surah contains an “Aayat” which means “Verses”. According to M.A. Shakir, “For easy daily recitation, the Qur'an is divided into thirty equal parts. One part takes only twenty-four reading minutes, and the whole Book requires twelve reading hours. There are 114 chapters, and 6,226 verses, containing 99,464 words made up of 330, 113 letters”. Muslims recite the Quran in Arabic because that was the language in which Allah Revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him). Every Surah in the Quran starts off with the islamic phrase b-ismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ which translates to "In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful". Muslims believe that every task we perform is by the grace of Allah, therefore we say “Bismillah”. The revelation to Prophet Muhammad spanned over 23 years in Mecca and Medina. The Surah’s revealed before the migration of Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) from Mecca to Medina are considered to be Meccan, while the Surahs after the prophet’s migration are considered to be Medinan. A few surahs that will be discussed are Surat Al-'Insān, Surat Quraysh, and Surat Al-'Infiţār. Surat Al-'Insān (The Man - سورة الانسان) is about Man being the creation of Allah. We are guided by Allah do righteous deeds but also influenced by evil (Shaytaan) who misleads Man. It is our choice to choose between Jannat (paradise) and Jahannam (hell) through the...
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