1. 1. OUTLINE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEQUENCE AND RATE OF DEVELOPMENT. WHY MIGHT CHILDREN DEVELOP AT DIFFERENT RATES IN DIFFERENT AREAS?
Sequence of development: the usual order in which development occurs. Ie. A baby’s physical development may begin with rolling over, then sitting up, crawling and then walking, whereas another baby may sit up, followed by walking but never actually crawls. Even though an element may be missed the development still proceeds in what is viewed as an expected pattern. Rate of development: the usual time frame in which development takes place. Ie. Where one baby may achieve walking unaided at 10 months, another may achieve it at 12 months and another may achieve it at 16 months. There is no set ‘age’ for walking just a time frame for when this usually occurs. Every child is unique and will always develop at their own pace. Where one child may follow the same sequence of development as another child, the age at which they reach each stage will vary depending on the individual. There are four main areas of development: Physical development: This includes their ‘Fine motor skills’, which involve the co-ordination and control of small muscles, and skills like holding a rattle, picking up crumbs and scribbling with a pencil or wiring; ‘Gross motor skills’ which involve the co-ordination and control of large muscles and skills like walking, sitting and running; ‘General co-ordination’ and ‘Hand-eye co-ordination’. This area of development will provide children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them. However, Physical development really does encompass so many different tasks and abilities. Genetics, size at birth, body build, nutrition and culture can all influence motor and physical development. Social, behavioural, moral and emotional development includes many aspects of child development: Learning about the