supporting teaching and learning in schools

Topics: Learning, Developmental psychology, Play Pages: 5 (1553 words) Published: October 14, 2013
Describe the expected learning pattern of children and young peoples development from Birth – 19 include Physical Development
Communication and intellectual development
Social, Emotional and Behavioural development

Children are expected to meet milestones in their development which are given as a broad average, as all children are different. For instance, one child may have a different upbringing to another, which could affect their learning ability. They learn with different areas of development that include physical, emotional, behavioural, communication, intellectual and social development.

At different ages children learn to do new things. These have been separated below into age ranges 0-3 years, 3-7 years, 7-12 years, 12-16 years and 16-19 years

Physical Development
Physical development helps babies and children to improve their skills and co-ordination. It also helps with control and movement. Children learn from a young age, how important doing physical activity is and it helps them to make healthy choices as they grow. Children learn by doing things and trying sports and activities help them to gain confidence as well as helping them to socialise with their peers. Physical development can also be given outside of the class through out of school clubs as well as by playing during break times throughout the school day.

0-3 Years Old – New born babies have very little control over their movements, they tend to react to sound, light and visual stimulants. They use basic actions on a regular basis such as pinching to pick up objects and suckling. As babies/children grow they have more control over their movements and gain strength to be able to crawl and walk. They begin to refine their control to enable them to develop skills such as writing, drawing and painting. At this stage the development is rapid and most of the learning is done through playing.

3-7 Years Old - Children of these ages are much more confident and honed their hand/eye coordination skills. Children continue to develop their writing, drawing, colouring and develop new skills such as using scissors. They are also more confident in using balancing skills and have more control when kicking or throwing a ball. They will begin to understand how they may be different to their peers in terms of their own physical development and may compare themselves with each other i.e. Having races during play times.

7-12 Years Old - At this stage children will try a lot of different activities and sports. They will develop hobbies and interests and become better in using different body parts i.e. Sports, Dancing or playing and instruments. Both girls and boys in the later stage may be showing early signs of puberty. Moving between schools will introduce children to new activities and this is also the stage where there is more awareness amongst peers as to the physical attributes each child has.

12-16 Years Old - At this stage of adolescence, young people will have grown a lot stronger, boys will have grown taller and girls will start having periods and developing more. There is increased competition between peers and other young people from different schools. This is also the stage where individuals may settle on one sport or activity they enjoy and will put their efforts to help them develop further. Their bodies will go through significant changes and their development from previous stages will determine how their bodies grow. There may be a greater variance between their heights and strength

16-19 Years Old - Most girls will of reached maturity, however boys will continue to grow until their mid 20's. Competing in sports competitions at age group level will occur as well as beginning to play with/against adults.

Communication and Intellectual Development
it is important for children to gain these areas of development as it will help them with language and the way they learn. A child’s intellectual development comes from opportunities...
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