There are some factors that may influence the health and development. Smoking can affect the babies’ oxygen in the womb which could affect the growth and development, low birth weight, high risk of prematurely (birth before week’s gestation), asthma and may lead to cot death. Genetic factors – when the baby has condition, which means that it has been passed down to them by one of their parents. Infections and medical conditions – some babies have medical condition which may affect them during their childhood. This could lead the babies having low self-esteem, feeling distress, not making friends and effect their development. Alcohol – having alcohol during pregnancy can cause Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). This could lead the baby, low birth weight, small, learning difficulties, and facial deformity and attention problems.
An indoor and outdoor environment has to be safe, reassuring and stimulating for babies.
Taking risk assessment – making sure that the environment is safe for the babies to move around the setting without hazards. Practitioner should do risk assessment within the setting and outdoors in the garden for the babies to be safe. To keep the babies stimulated and reassured practitioner consider about the environment, for example: the environment should reflect on the babies how the babies should use it. Practitioner should arrange the room/environment which is suitable for the babies.
While making sure the indoors and outdoors environment are safe, reassuring and stimulating practitioner need to consider what the babies likes/dislike, development stage of the baby so they can provide age/stage activities and resources. Also practitioners need to follow policies and procedures to make sure that the babies in the environment are safe, reassuring and stimulating. Providing stimulating environment practitioner need to consider the environment to be creative and encourage the babies to explore the room with different activities.