Sunni And Shia Conflict Analysis

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Topics: Islam, Iraq
The Sunni and Shia divide dates back to right after the death of the Prophet Muhammad at the end of the 6th century, or more precisely in the year 632. It is vital that everyone understands what caused the division, how it has progressed historically and how is it influencing the rise of various groups in the present. "There is an emerging struggle between Sunni and Shia to define not only the pattern of local politics but also the relationship between the Islamic world and the West," says Daniel Brumberg of Georgetown University, author of Reinventing Khomeini: The Struggle for Reform in Iran. Vali R. Nasr, the Dean of School Advanced International Studies at John Hopkins University, unequivocally states that if anyone would want to understand …show more content…
One of the troubling sayings of the Prophet Muhammad stated in one of his hadiths is "my Ummah (community) will be fragmented into seventy-three sects, and all of them will be in the Hellfire except one," and both Sunni and Shia claim to be the rightful leaders."
The current conflict in Iraq is fuelled by sectarian rivalries too, which embattled President Bashar al-Assad and his family members of the Shia Alawite-sect, while many of the insurgent groups in his country – including the Islamic State terror group – are Sunni adherents. And of course, the current civil war in Yemen has become a sectarian proxy war, with Iran backing the Shia Houthi rebels who overthrew the country's Sunni-dominated government while a Saudi-led coalition has since intervened to reinstall the Sunni leadership.
…show more content…
They established the Safavid dynasty in Persia — modern-day Iran — and made it Shiite."That dynasty came out of what's now eastern Turkey," says Gause, the University of Vermont professor. "They were a Turkic dynasty, one of the leftovers of the Mongol invasions that had disrupted the Middle East for a couple of centuries. The Safavid dynasty made it its political project to convert Iran into a Shia country."Shiites gradually became the glue that held Persia together and distinguished it from the Ottoman Empire to its west, which was Sunni, and the Mughal Muslims to the east in India, also Sunni (NPR,

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