Barangay Tunasan, Muntinlupa City
Professional Teachers Certificate Program
SUMMATIVE EXAMINATION #1
Course Title : Foundations of Education
Professor : Dr. Leonardo R. Acierto
Examinee : Joycelynn Carmela M. Belarmino
TEST I. MULTIPLE RECALL WITH DEFINITON Directions: Enumerate the following and define each term briefly.
1. The aspects of human growth and development. The following are the widely accepted aspects of human growth and development.
1. Physical growth and motor development;
2. Cognitive (Intellectual/Mental) development;
3. Emotional development;
4. Social development;
I. PHYSICAL GROWTH AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
One of the chief characteristics of a living organism is its ability to grow. A seedling grows into a plant which, in course of time, grows into a huge tree. A child in due course turns into an adult. In living organisms, growth takes place by multiplication of the cell. Every living structure grows to a certain limit; it cannot go on growing all the time through life.
By physical growth is meant the progressive development of the various parts of the body and their capacity to function. Physical growth is determined by a variety of factors, some of which are difficult to understand. These factors may be classified as internal and external.
The internal factors include heredity, sex, secretion of the ductless or endocrine glands etc. Some of the important external factors are sunlight, air, food, fatigue, exercise and water. Seasons of the year is another external factor influencing growth? The maximum gain in weight takes place between October and December and the minimum gain between April and June.
The initial changes immediately after birth include the expansion of the lungs and certain stages in the circulation of blood. The growth of the brain during the first year is very rapid. The bones start growing in length and thickness. The milk-teeth start erupting from the sixth to the