Personalism – refers to the importance of personal factors, feeling secured to friendship. *
Impersonalism – refers to not being influenced of friendship in formal situations. *
Non-rationalism – is the idea of unreasonable thinking of a person when dealing to uncertain events. *
Rationalism – it is the idea that one can achieve a goal by preparing or/and planning. *
Particularism – refers to one’s concern is in a subgroup like friends, relatives and other subgroups. *
Universalism – refers to one’s concern is within the nation or global. *
Nationalism – An individual's internalization of the set of beliefs and values expressing love, pride and identification with a given nation state. *
Bahala na – is an attitude towards a certain thing with lack of initiative and lack of punctuality. *
Utang na loob – it refers to a debt of gratitude to a person for a favor.
Cognitive – choice done with mental or intellectual reasoning. 2.
Affective – choice must be valued, loved and affirmed. 3.
Behavioral – values that is habitually done.
Basic Filipino Values
Emotional closeness and security in family – closeness in family and extended family. 2.
Approval from authority and society – desire to please the authority. 3.
Economic and social betterment – uplifting one’s state in life. 4.
Patience, endurance and suffering – matiisin attitude.
Values adapted in Philippine Culture
Equal opportunity – everyone has an opportunity to be successful. 2.
Achievement and success – rewards reflects our personal trait. 3.
Material comfort – being wealthy.
Activity and work – our actions reflect to ourselves. 5.
Practicality and efficiency – being practical in thinking. 6.
Progress – what is new is considered the best.
Science – source of knowledge.
Democracy and free enterprise –...
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