Summary of the Writings of St. Augustine
In the Gift of Perseverance, as the first extensive discussion written on the doctrine of the perseverance, Augustine affirms that the grace of God is the ultimate basis for perseverance: "Whoever perseveres up to the end will be saved (Mt 10:22), is a gift of God.” (Rotelle, 191) From the perspective of humans, it is unfathomable why, given two devout men, one should be given the grace of concluding perseverance and the other not. The basis for Augustine's understanding of final perseverance is God's sovereignty in election and predestination, the grace of God. Based on his understanding of the Pauline texts in Romans, It is clear for Augustine that God's elect will certainly persevere to the end and attain eternal salvation. However, Augustine doesn’t believe that the Christian can in this life know with unfailing certainty that he is in fact amongst the chosen and that he will in conclusion persevere. The strength of the argument is that the grace of God is perseverance’s ultimate basis, but the weak argument is that perseverance is predetermined. In Augustine through the Ages: Encyclopedia Augustine refers to the term of liberty in two different ways: politically and religiously. Generally both categories both represented a various amount of definitions that appear numerous times in Augustine’s writings, used in various contexts, either in the polemical or non-polemical forms. “Augustine makes no effort to provide a systematic account of the notion of liberty in either category, although at times during the Pelagian controversy he comes close to providing what amounts to an informal definition of the term. (Fitzgerald, 495) A scripture that comes to mind in reference to liberty is Jeremiah 34:15-17, “You recently repented and did what was right in my eyes by proclaiming liberty, each to his neighbor, and you made a covenant before me in the house that is called by my name, but then you turned around and profaned my...
Cited: "The Gift of Perseverance." The Works of St. Augustine: A Translation for the 21 Century. Ed. John E. Rotelle. Hyde Park: New City, 1999. Print.
Allen, Fitzgerald, ed. "Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia." (1999). Print.
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