Summary of French Revolution

Good Essays
The French Revolution that took place from 1789 to 1799 was a crucial period in the history of French, European and Western Civilizations. The uprising that brought the regime of King Louis XVI to its end is known as the French Revolution. This was the phase, when absolute monarchy was overthrown and Republicanism took its place. During the French Revolution, the Roman Catholic Church also underwent a radical restructuring.

The First Republic fell to a coup d'etat. A coup d'Etat is the sudden overthrow of the ruling government through unconstitutional means. The part of the state establishment overthrows the government and replaces just the high-level figures.

After the fall of the First Republic, France oscillated among Republic, Empire and Monarchy.

The French Revolution was a crucial turning point in the history of Western democracy. From the age of absolutism and aristocracy.

It brought the transformation from the age of absolutism and aristocracy. The French Revolution brought the age of the citizenry as the dominant political force.

French Revolution launched the slogan "Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!" meaning "Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death!". This slogan was very popular. It was to popular to such extent that later it became the rallying cry for activists. These activists who promoted democracy and were aggainst oppressive governments could identify with the slogan.

CAUSES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

In 1789, France was facing many economic difficulties. Despite of this fact, it was one of the richest European nations of that time. Louis XVI was very popular at that time and was known as the Estates-General of 1789. However, the nobility and many of the king's ministers were not very popular.

There are many factors that led to the political and socioeconomic upheaval of the French Revolution. The ancien regime had an old aristocratic order. The aristocratic order succumbed to the ambitions of the rising bourgeoisie.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Causes of the French Revolution 1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state 2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy. 3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montequieu’sSpirit of the Laws; introduces new notions of good government…

    • 703 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    french revolution

    • 588 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Revolution The French Revolution (1789-1799) was a bourgeois revolution broke out in France in 1789, monarchy feudal system ruled France for many centuries, but it fell apart within three years. France Undergoing an epic change during this period: past feudal, aristocratic and religious privileges were under attack constantly by the liberal political organization and the street protesters. The old concepts have been gradually replaced by new natural rights, separation of powers and the democratic…

    • 588 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    French Revolution

    • 964 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Introduction:The three major causes if the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. The French Revolution in the 18th Century was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The Revolution led to many changes in France, the Revolution led to the development of new political ideas such like democracy. It questioned the authority of kings, priests, and nobles. The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the people…

    • 964 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    French Revolution

    • 546 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Cornell Notes | Topic/Objective: French Revolution | Name: Sam Roberts | | | Class/Period: Western World History | | | Date: | Essential Question: What were the causes, significant events, and results of the French Revolution? | | Questions: | Notes: | 1. What were the Three Estates? | a. First Estate- the estate made up of members of the clergy that made up less than 1% of the population, owned around 10% of the land and paid a 2% income tax. | | b. Second Estate- the…

    • 546 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The French Revolution

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Maslov 1 Tori Maslov Mrs. Stewart World History Honors 9 Due January 23rd, 2014 The Impact of the French Revolution From the fall of the Bastille to the Reign of Terror, the events that occurred during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars of France impacted Europe in outstanding ways, creating social and political changes that could not be reversed. The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars of France were a great impact on world history because it awakened nationalism, it brought forth stronger…

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    French Revolution

    • 516 Words
    • 3 Pages

    developed into a revolution. Throughout this time France was facing a collection of issues. At this time France was ruled by an inadequate and absolute monarch. Absolutism was becoming increasingly unpopular due to the enlightenment ideas. Although these are all remarkable motives, the most critical motives were that it was influenced significantly by the American Revolution, the poor privileges ingrained by the Old Regime, and France’s grave economic crisis. To begin with the French Revolution of 1789…

    • 516 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    French Revolution

    • 2672 Words
    • 10 Pages

    CAUSES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION 1. Describe the leadership of Louis XVI (16th) of France. ­ indecisive leader/ easily persuaded ­ put off financial problems. ­ French support for the colonists in the American War of Independence had brought the country to the verge of bankruptcy ­ agreed to summon the 'estates­general' (a form of parliament, but without real power) in order to try and raise taxes. ­ people were angered by Louis' refusal to allow the three estates ­ the first (clergy)…

    • 2672 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The French Revolution

    • 594 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The French Revolution was a major turning point in the France’s history. There were many factors that helped influence the French Revolution. There were many social, political and economic conditions that led up to revolution. Although, the success American Revolution combined with the ideas of the Enlightenment is what sparked the beginning of the French Revolution. By the year 1789, many people of the third estate were outraged with the current system of government. France was ruled by an absolute…

    • 594 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The French Revolution

    • 866 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The French Revolution Kenneth Milton History104 World Civilization 11 Professor Carl Garrigus May 20, 2013 The French Revolution The French Revolution was the greatest event of the modern period. It influenced the whole human society. The whole world received the message of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. It began in the year 1789 and lasted approximately a decade, until the year 1799. The causes of the French Revolution were poverty, the enlightenment, deficit Government spending, and…

    • 866 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    French Revolution

    • 1529 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Q. Elucidate the role played by different social groups in the French Revolution. Which group in your estimation benefitted the most from the revolutionary decade in France? The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The Revolution led to the development of new political forces such as democracy and nationalism. It questioned…

    • 1529 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays