General Engineering 2C
Chapter 11: In Hong Kong and Macao, 1888
February 1887, Rizal was force to leave his country for the second time, at that time he was already a full grown man. He was already 27 years old a practicing physician and a recognized man-of-letters.
On February 3, 1888 Rizal left manila for Hong Kong on board the Zafiro. They made a stopover at Amoy but Rizal didn’t get off his ship because of three reason first he was not feeling well, second it was raining hard and third was he heard that the city was dirty. He arrived in Hong Kong on February 8.
During his stay in Hong Kong, Rizal wrote a letter to Blumentritt, dated February 16, 1888, expressing his bitterness.
In Hong Kong Rizal stayed at Victoria hotel. He was welcomed by the Filipino residents, including Jose Maria Basa, Balbino Mauricio, and Manuel Yriarte.
A Spaniard, Jose Sainz de Varanda, a former secretary of governor general Terrero, shadowed Rizal’s movement in Hong Kong. He was commissioned by the Spanish authority to spy on Rizal.
Rizal wrote to Blumentritt saying about Hong Kong being a small and clean city. That there Filipino’s staying there but they are poor, gentle, and timid.
February 18, Rizal went to Macao. Rizal described Macao as a small, low and gloomy city. There are many junks, sampans, but few steamers. It looks sad and is almost dead. He stayed at Don Francisco Lecaros.
During his 2 days stay in Macao, Rizal visited theaters, casino, cathedral and churches, pagodas, botanical garden, and bazaars. He also saw the famous grotto of camoens.in February 9, he witness a catholic procession. On February 20, Rizal returned to Hong Kong. Rizal’s experience in Hong Kong during his two-week visit, he studied Chinese life, language, drama, and customs. And he wrote down to his diary his experiences.
In February 22, Rizal left Hong Kong his destination was japan.
Chapter 12: Romantic Interlude in Japan
February 28- April 13, 1888 was the happiest interludes in the life of Rizal. February 28, 1888 Rizal arrived at Yokohama, japan. The next day proceeded to Tokyo and took a room at Tokyo hotel. Where he stayed from March 2 to 7. He wrote to blumentritt that Tokyo is more expensive that Paris. The walls are built in cyclopean manner. The streets are large and wide.
Juan Perez Caballero, secretary of the Spanish legation invited him to live at the Spanish legation. He accepted the invitation for two reasons. First is that he could economize his living expenses by staying at the legation and second he had nothing to hide from the prying eyes of the Spanish authorities.
March 7, he checked out at Tokyo hotel and lives at the Spanish legation and became good friends with Caballero.
On is first day in japan he was embarrassed because he doesnt know how to speak in Japanese language although he look like one. The children laughed because he speaks a different language. To avoid further embarrassment Rizal studied the Japanese language and he already can speak it within a few days. He also studies music, arts, drama and judo. He visited the famous sights in japan. Rizal was favorably impressed by japan. The beauty of the country, by the people, by the Japanese women, there are really few thieves in japan and the beggars are rarely seen in the city. But there is one thing he doesn’t like in japan, and that was the popular mode of transportation by means of rickshaws drawn by men.
Rizal moved to Azabu district of Tokyo, he saw a pretty Japanese girl named Seiko Usui. Rizal politely introduces his self but because of Rizal’s poor Japanese skill the gardener help him introduce his self. Seiko-san was mildly amused at the gallant gentleman she replied in English, for she know that language and French too. The language barrier was thus eliminated.
Since the first meeting Rizal and O- sie -san, as Rizal called her, met almost daily. Both found happiness in each other’s company. O-sie-san was a lonely samurai’s daughter of 23 years old and has never experienced the ecstasy of true love.
O-sie-san helped Rizal I many ways. She was his guide, interpreter and tutor. Her beauty and affection almost tempted Rizal to settle down I japan. If he were a ma of lesser heroic mould, of lesser will power, he would have live permanently in japan. April 13, 1888, Rizal boarded the Belgic an English steamer at Yokohama. He left japan with a heavy heart for he knew that he will never see again the wonderful land of cherry blossoms and his beloved o-sei-san. For him the 45 days stay in japan was the happiest interlude of his life.
Rizal continued his libertarian mission in Europe sacrificing his personal happiness. O-sie-san mourned for a long time. In year 1897 o-sie-san got married to a man named Alfred Charlton they had a daughter named Yuriko who later on married Yoshiharu Takiguchi, son of a Japanese senator. Mr. Charlton died on November 2, 1915 and o-sie-san died on May 1, 1947 at the age of 80.
Despite his sorrowing heart Rizal enjoyed the trans-pacific voyage to the United States. On board the ship, he met a semi-Filipino family. Mr. Reinaldo Turner his wife Emma Jackson with their children and maid servant in Pangasinan.
Tetcho Suehiro Rizal befriended on board. Who is similar to him. Tetcho was forced by the Japanese to leave the country. But unlike him Tetcho only knew his own Japanese language. Rizal was his interpreter in their long journey. From Yokohama to San Francisco, across the U.S to N.Y until they reached London where they part ways. December 1, 1888 Tetcho and Rizal bid farewell.
In 1889, shortly after his returned to japan, Tetcho published his travel diary which contained his impression to Rizal.