Khanh Luong & Derek Luong
Asia in the Early Modern Era
The Early European Colonization of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia is magnet for Europeans. Southeast Asia is kaleidoscope of states and cultures. Island Southeast Asia’s political fragmentation and desirable products made the region easy prey for European domination. The Malay Peninsula is the place for trading between East and South Asia. The Philippines is the place where Chinese sailing junks had been trading. The Portuguese, the first European explorers, established the charts of the navigation routes and defended their trading posts against other European nations. Vasco da Gama (1469-1525) built Malacca, on the Malay Peninsula, as location to control trade between East and South Asia. They buy pepper, spices, nutmeg (sexual medicine), other spices, precious stones, porcelains, and silks, and they sale silver, glass, linens, woolen textiles, and metal manufactures. In 1519 Spain’s Ferdinand Magellan found another northwest route to Asia through the Philippines where Chinese sailing junks had been trading. Spanish missionaries Christianized most Filipinos. Manila is a market place where Spanish buy silks, tea, porcelain, and other Chinese and Japanese goods, and sale silver, maize, tobacco, sweet potatoes, potatoes, and peanuts. In 1595 Dutch started to occupy the Southeast Asia’s trading. The United Dutch East India Company is the largest commercial enterprise. In 1960, the English East India Company had sought a share in spice trade. Dutch expelled English from the East Indies in 1623 and the Portuguese from Ceylon in 1658, so Netherlands controlled the entire lucrative spice trade from Asia to Europe. Like the Portuguese, the Dutch were mainly interested in trade and not colonization or direct territorial control. The Chinese and Japanese immigrants are encouraged. By the late seventeenth century, Dutch control continued in Java, where they established plantations such as coffee (from...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document