Defination of EYFS is; main principles and practice that we must adapt to appropriate children`s individual development from birth to five years under the Children Act 2006 and in England the children between 3 and 4 year olds they need to receive a free part time early years education.
Their concept of learning is trough play rather than more formal education.Children are monitored day to day and individualy to see how well they are learning and developing by their teachers.
There are different types of scholls which thet have to follow the National Curriculum:
Community Schools are run by the Local Authority who employ the staff, own the land and buildins, decide what the admissions criteria should be, provides supports services eg. SEN Services , Educational Psycologist , Speech and Language Therapist.
Foundation and Trust Schools are run by pretty much the same way as Community Schools, the main difference being the Governing Body has control as opposed to the Local Education Authority . A Trust School is a type of Foundation School which is sponsored by an outside partner eg. Educational charity or business , with the aim of rasing standards.
Voluntary – aided Schools are mainly “faith schools”. As with foundation schools, the Governing Body employs the staff ,own school buldings and land but just like the community school outside sevices are provided by the LEA ,who also have a say in setting the admissions criteria.
Voluntary -controlled Schools are smilar to Voluntary -added schools but run by the LEA, just as the community schools. The land or school buildings are usually owned by a charity which is usually a religios organisations.
Specialist Schools follow the National Curriculum, they tend to specialise in a particular subject area eg. Languages,Art, Technology and some specialist schools are only for children with learning difficulties.
Post-16 options :
Academies are indepentedently managed ,set up by sponsors, working partnership with the DOE and the LA. The main differences between a state school and academy is that pupils do not have to follow the National Curriculum. This gives freedom and flexibility to staff and management.
Barnet & Southgate college They are aimed at children of all abilities aged 11-18, offering a range of vocational qualification, GCSE and A Level.
Grammer Schools have selection criteria based on academic ability.
Independent School have their own curriculum and admissions policies.They are regularly monitored by OFSTED.
Roles and Responsibilities of
School Governors have the responsibility of running the school and need to work closely with the Head Teacher and Senior Management Team. Being a school governor involves ; giving the pupils the best education and care possible, checking that the school encourages pupils` moral and cultural development, and that special educational needs are met, monitoring policies and the school budget and salaries, asking questions to check on progress,making sure the National Curriculum is being taught, ensuring the buildings are properly maintained.
Senior Management Team work with the Head Teacher,The Deputy Head Teacher,The Children`s Coordinator,The Families Coordinator and Socal Business Manager. This team responsible for managing all of the schools` resources and need to make sure that they have enough teacher and support staff for the learners and materials for teaching and manage the schools` resources for building,electricity,water within budget they have.
SENCO are manage the day to day work with SEN children to improve their learning. They work with a range of different agencies including LA`s support, Educational Pyscology Services, Health and Social Services ,voluntary bodies and parents.They arrange the training for staffs who work with SEN Children.
Teachers have responsibility of planing their lessons and preparing the teaching materials ,keeping the records of learners for their progress.They need to deal with a pupil effectively,patiently,supportively and make sure that the pupils are safe inside and outside of a class.
Support Staff have responsibility of raising pupils progress and work closely with the teacher.
Roles of External Professionals
Educational Psycologist: They work with SENCO in providing asssesment and observations to pupils each year and plan the provision for pupils who have edditional needs. Educational Welfare Officers: They work with Head Teacher and solve the problem with poor attendance.And also they advice the parents to support excluded pupils on their return to school.
Peripatetic Teachers: They visit and teach the pupils specialist subjects eg. Spanish, Music, Football.
Schools` Ethos, Missions, Aims and Values
They are the professional rules and beliefs on which we should base all our actions. While we work with the children we should know that every child have their own right and different needs, abilities and potential. So we Should listen to what children say and respond them within a sensitive way. We need to encourage them to develop their learning if they need we need to be able to arrange support staff work with their individual needs. We should recognise the other culture, religions too. If school celebrate the diversity it would help pupils to understand the differences and respect to others.
Valley Pre-School where I work has been doing very well for 1 year because of good teaching and support. They have excellent relationship with pupils who have different backgrounds. What I see is that pupils work hard and enjoy being part of the School with their parent and achieve to their full potential.
And the school`s aims, ethos, values and missions are communicated as much as possible in school literature and on its website. Latest Ofsted reports which is shown at their website and it is so clear to understand the schools performance and also we can read the other parents` thought about the school. We have newspaper for every term to show the parents what their children had been doing during the term about e.g. celebrating diversity, assemblies, activities, new play areas, music and theatre performance, Eco and school councils. So I believe that we have good methods of communicating a school’s ethos, mission, aims and values at Valley Pre-school.
All schools must follow their policies and procedures because they are based on codes of practise and the laws.
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 based on Health and Safety Policy, Education Act 2002 based on Child Protection Policies, Disability Discrimination Act 1995,2005 based on Disability and Equality Policy. These law and codes of practice promote pupil well-being and achievement by legislation and give them to maximise their positive learning while they are studying. All schools must give good education all of their pupils equally and protect them individually.
Children Act 2004 : Identified the Every Child Matters and has five outcomes. Children should
Be healthy; physically, mentally, emotionally, sexually and they should have healthy lifestyles.
Stay safe; from neglect, accidental injury and death, bullying, crime and anti- social behaviour and they should have security.
Enjoy and achieve; ready for school, attend and enjoy school, achieve stretching national educational standards at school, achieve personal and social development and enjoy recreation.
Make a positive contribution; engage positive relationship and choose not to bully and discriminate, develop self-confidence and successfully deal with significant life changes and challenges.
Achieve economic well-being; engage in further education, employment or training on leaving school, ready for employment, access to transport and material goods, live in households free from low income. These outcomes are universal ambitions for children whatever their background or circumstance’s.
At my work place (Holly Park Primary School) :
They have “wake and shake” session every morning which keep children`s bodies and minds active with it. They have full day-care to supports parents who works. They provide breakfast club, after-school club, childcare and health services once a week. They also promote the parents to talk and get advice about their children once a week.
Children feel more included in the school environment and have an opportunity’ to be involved in the school councular. As a parent and staff at Holly Park I can see and feel the huge improvement. They are focused around the needs of children.
Freedom of Information Act 2000:
This means that information can be sought from anytime in the past. Any pupils may request information held by their school although this must be done in writing. And also schools have a duty a provide advice and assistance to anyone who request information however there are some cases as they need to protect confidential information.
This act gives greater access to information held by all public, including Ofsted, and lets us find out more about what schools do, how they arrive at decisions and how they spend public money at school.
Roles of Regulatory Bodies :
All schools are required to have clear policies and procedures to make sure that child are safe during any activities inside and outside the school and also they need to follow the procedure which is under the act.
Heath and Safety Executive :
Lower risk activities could be easy to organise and monitor the children while they are doing inside activities but pupils still need to be always monitored closely. If they have a school trip the practioner need to assess the any risks and make sure is safe to go and they need to be organised around the needs of children. They also have to complete risk assessment form to reduce the risk.
School-Specific Regulatory Bodies:
Ofsted should monitor and manage the schools and they inspect the education of children and inspector need to report their findings to Parliament.Ofsted`s purposes is that to learn if the children get quality of teaching and learning in the classroom under the Act.
All registered teachers are need to be member of the General Teaching Council and they need to follow the Code of Conduct and Practice.
Policies and Procedures are guidance and give further advice how to deal with staff, pupils and parents while they are running in the schools.These are help to keep children safe otherwise pupils would do whatever they want and they would have hurt by others and teachers would teach whatever they want if they don`t follow the curriculum.
Support staffs and teachers need to work together effectively and find the appropriate ways and materials to support pupils with learning difficulties to achive their abilities. Because every child is important and has the oppourtinity to maximise their life chances by experiencing a positive learning.
If a child doesn`t attend school regularly welfare officer first advice the parent if it is still same legal action would start. EWO (educational welfare officer) would contact with social services and educational psycologist too.
That`s why every morning we are doing registration to find out how well children attend to the school and also it is important because of keeping the children safe if we have a fire at school we would know who attend the school at that day.
Roles and Responsibilities of national and local government for education policy and procedures:
Local Education Authority (LEA)
It is a local authority that has reponsibility for education and children`s services.The Every Child Matters Agenda has identified five outcomes that are important to children and young people ;be healty,stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution, achieve economic well being.
The agenda was developed to ensure that the child is at the centre of everything done by the local authority, and to ensure that it`s focus on the outcomes and not simply the process when they plan and provide children`s services.
Local education authorities have some responsibility for all state schools in their area. Such as:
They are responsible for monitoring and funding for schools. They are responsible for co-ordination of admissions.
They are the direct employers of all staff in community and voluntary controlled schools. They have a responsibility for educational achievement of looked-after children. National government`s roles and responsibilities for education are carried out by The Departmant for Education.
The roles and responsibilities of National Government in Education: They are carried out by The Department for Education and directly responsible for education and children`s services. Three main areas:
Behaviour and attendance,Bullying
Assesment and Key Stage Tests
Supply and Qualify of Teacher
National Curriculum Reform
Independent Schools / Faith Schools / Academies / Free Schools. School Funding / Governance / improvemen / Organisation.
Children and Families:
LA Funding / Local Government Policy
SEN and Disabled Children
Health Issues (Teenage pregnance, Drags etc..)
Early Learning and Development (0-5 Curriculum)
Further Education, Skills and Lifelong Learning :
Careers advice and education delivered via schools.
Vocational qualifications available to 14 to 19 year olds.
Work related learning and work experience .
Enterprise education.ChildrenEmployer engagement.
Policy that impacts upon FE colleges.
Roles of schools in national policies relating to children, young people and families:
Child Poverty National Strategy
The basis of this strategy are to strengthen families , encourage responsibility, promote work , guarantee fairness and provide support to the most vulnerable.This documents adheres to the requirement set out in the Child Poverty Act 2010. It focuses on improving the life chances of the most disadvantaged children and works alongside the government focus on improving social mobility. Also it is given to the Department of Education and these guidelines are passed through to schools.
The Child Poverty Act
The Child Poverty Act was brought to the House of Comission on the 11th June 2009 and gained Royal Assent on 25th March 2010.A strategy is required every tree years to meet the goals and progress is reported annully. Schools use this information and monitor any vulnerable children in their remit.
Mental Health Policy
According to The UK Programme Evaluation Final Report their goal is to improve childrens pyschologycal well being by building resilience and promoting positive thinking.
The use and effecting of anti-bullying strategies in schools: This document is published by the Department of Education and examines
which methods schools in England use the deal with episodes of bullying and which of the methods are supported by Local Authority and why schools decide on this plan of action.
Parenting and Family Support Policy
This document outlines the government plans for assisting families.It includes proactive assistance for children and families who are most in need.This families may be less willing or able to express their needs. Also it ensures fathers obtain the assistance they receive to play a full role in their childs development and helps families to break out of cycle of low achievement. This is achieved through support that works alongside appropriate certificates.
Every Parent Matters
This explains how practioners can assist parents to help their children learn, enjoy and achieve. It sets out the approach to promoting the development of services for parents and encouraging them to get involved in shaping services for themselves and their children.
The roles of other organisations working with children and young people and how these may impact on the work of schools :
One of the organisations is the NAGC ( National Association for gifted children leading charity dealing with giftedness. Support , in social emotional learning way for all backgrounds. Aim, all children with a gift to grow on confidence and achieve fulfilment. Gifted children have same needs as other but if this is ignored it can impact in all aspects of the childs development. So this organisations mission is: Advise young people and their families
Support high ability children
Increase awareness and understanding of (G&T) young people And to achieve this they have advice service, website, magazine and to work with parent school partnership. ESAA (English Schools Athletics Association) : They promotes Engagement of Athletics with in the schools. They organise leading events in the country in athletic and runs an awards scheme of children of all ages. Their suggestions are how children should be encouraged and participate in Athletics. So they do this for different year groups of school (they teach running, jumping and throwing in KS2). NSPP (National Society Prevention of Cruelty to Children)
It is a society to end the child’s cruelty in UK, their role is protection of children. Anyone concerned about the welfare of any child can directly contact the NSPP child protection helpline. They have an advice helpline for children and parents. They put child line posters around the school, have teachers packs to support classroom learning and have resources for special needs children. Dyslexia Action is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. This charity has centres that you can contact to get help and advise which are free for parents and educational professionals. And also they offer support and tuition to dyslexic for individual, train teachers to be informed, also offer special tuition to primary aged children, study skills teenagers and workplace coaching adults.