Summaries of Events for American History

Topics: Americas, Mexico, United States Pages: 8 (1215 words) Published: October 5, 2014
Chapter One - New World Beginnings - 33,000 B.C - A.D 1769

America’s fruitfulness began when it developed as a landmass and began to show traits of an area that flourished in riches and abundance, this was recognized by the Spanish, whom took advantage of the untouched land.

The Shaping Of North America

MI:
Chunks of terrain broke off from Pangaea, opening up the oceans, and forming the land masses we know today. More continental activity formed mountain ranges, but after the Great Ice Age the land was depressed and opened up much of the lakes and rivers we know today. - 225 MYA to 2 MYA, 10,000 YA

SFI:
Identical species of fish found amongst various continents in freshwater lakes. Folding/shifting of earths crust
Grinding and melting of ice on rock
Themes:
Environment
Separation of Pangaea
The Great Ice Age

Peopling the Americas

MI:
The ice lowered the sea level, leaving access to early peoples to North America from Eurasia through the Bering Land Bridge. When the glaciers melted, these people were able to access all of the Americas, thus populating and creating diverse civilizations, although separated from the rest of the world. - 35,000 YA & 10,000 YA

SFI:
Ice freezing oceans to glaciers
Nomadic Asian hunters took 250 centuries to cross
Incan, Mayan, Aztec civilizations - 2,000 languages, approx. 54 million peoples Themes:
American Diversity
Culture
Religion
Environment

The Earliest Americans

MI:
Agriculture, esp. corn growing, spread through civilizations slowly, creating civilizations that grew in population and sophistication, all the while showing no dominion over the land. Some of these tribes were able to create relatively advanced villages with small societies, and political and organizational components. - 5,000 B.C & 1,200 B.C

SFI:
Corn cultivation appeared
Hunter-gatherers abolished and settlements created
Baby aspects of modern cities began to appear
Themes:
Environment
Culture
Demographic Changes

Indirect Discoverers of the New World

MI:
European explorers came across lands by chance. The goods they discovered in Asia became a demanded luxury in Europe, becoming expensive because of their difficulty to import, therefore importers searched for alternative ways to bring goods to Europe. - A.D 1000 & 1492

SFI:
Accidental "discovery" of Americas
Riches in Asia became popular in Europe
Difficult trade created eagerness for alternatives
Themes:
Culture
Environment
Globalization

Europeans Enter Africa

MI:
European expansion was further propelled by Marco Polo's discoveries to the East, Portuguese ships discovered routes that enabled access to sub-Saharan Africa. The slave traffic system in Africa was adopted and made into an empire as the Portuguese made their way up the East coast and finally into India. - 1295, 1450

SFI:
Marco Polo's return in 1295
Portuguese discovery of sub-Saharan Africa
Slave trade and plantation system
Themes:
Globalization
Economic Transformations
Culture

Columbus Comes upon a New World

MI:
With Portugal controlling the south and east passages to the Indies, Spain was left with the unknown passage to the west. Spain's growing power and wealth, along with new inventions, led Christopher Columbus, a skilled Spanish mariner to eventually led three ships into the Atlantic. After almost two months they bumped into an island in the Bahamas, ultimately leading to an interdependent global economic system. - 1492

SFI:
Spain's success as a country
Accidental discovery of the Americas in 1492
New inventions/discoveries: long-range ocean travel, printing press (1450), compass. Themes:
Globalization
Economic Transformations

When Worlds Collide

MI:
When the Spanish arrived in the Americas they were astounded by the creatures and environment they saw, they were quick to trade their goods with foodstuffs from the Natives, these would later be incorporated into ⅗ of the worlds cuisine....
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