Sumantra Goshal who has high impact on the managers of international companies is “one of the most influential business academic in the world” (Stephen, 2004:1) and “one of the most respected thinker of his generation” (Jayanta, 2006:1992). He was not only a teacher, researcher, writer, consultant for many international companies but also a founding dean of Indian School of Business in Hyderabad. Sumantra Goshal (1948-2004) was born in Calcutta, India. After graduated from Delhi University with Physics major, he spent 12 years working in Indian Oil Corporation. In 1981, he moved to United States on a Fulbright Fellowship and he managed to gain DBA from Harvard Business School and PhD from MIT at the same time. Sumantra Goshal worked in London Business School from 1994 until his untimely death in 2004 as a Professor of Strategic and International Management. He was also a member of Overseers of the Harvard Business School and was the Founding Dean of the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad. He had also taught at INSEAD, France and at MIT's Sloan School of Management, Boston, USA (BBC Learning English). According to the website of London Business School, Sumantra published 12 books including Managing Across Borders: The Transnational Solution, co-authored with Christopher Bartlett, has been listed in the Financial Times as one of the 50 most influential management books; The Differential Network: Organizing the Multinational Corporation for Value Creation, co-authored with Nitin Nohria, won the George Terry Book Award in 1997; The Individualized Corporation, co-authored with Christopher Bartlett, won the Igor Ansoff Award in 1997. His most recent book, Managing Radical Change, won the Management Book of the Year award in India. Sumantra also published over 60 articles in academic journals as well as numerous award winning case studies. Sumantra’s transnational solution framework: Sumantra focused on understanding the strategic, organisational and managerial...
References: in this paper can be divided into two groups: one is Sumantra’s original writing and the other comes from other authors evaluating Sumantra’s theory or applying his idea in their own work. This paper cited all from books, academic journal, and official website of London Business School. The level of data collected in this paper is much diversified. The first and most important book is “Christopher A. B., Sumantra G., 2002, Managing Across Borders: The Transnational Solution, Harvard Business Press” which is the major and primary source to provide information about the structure and content of Sumantra’s transnational framework. Others are “Dainty, 2007, People & Culture in Construction: A Reader, Routledge” to gain knowledge of the Quinn Competing Values framework and the information from London Business School official website where Sumantra worked for 10 years in order to ensure the authentic and updated information about him. The book “Management Thought” of Jayanta K N., 2006 helps summary the key content and contribution of Managing Across Borders. The rest give me the overall information about Sumantra, his research and achievement.
Hence, the references in this paper ensure two factors: the good quality of source which provides reliable information; and using both direct and indirect sources to gain full understand about the Sumantra’s ideas and Quinn’s framework and evaluation of Sumantra’s contribution and how to apply his framework.
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