The overall rate of suicide among adolescents 1 to 24 years old has tripled in the past 60 years and it is now the second leading cause of death among college students. More teenagers and young adults from suicide than from all medical illnesses combined.
Students who are at the highest risk for suicide are students who have preexisting mental health conditions and students who develop these conditions during their years at college. Age, gender, ethnicity and treatment status also contribute to the likelihood that a student may commit suicide.
Causes of Suicide
There are many causes of Suicide. According to Binstock, suicide could result from cultural pressures that prevent individuals from expressing their aggressive feelings. She believed that natural feelings of aggression are repressed through an emphasis on guilt as a source of control. Repressed feelings of anger encourage some to escape from this inner anger and pressure through suicide.
Pretzel believed that suicide rate is related to the level of tolerable stress in an individual and their inability to deal with that stress.
Coleman attributed suicide causes to “An Interplay” of interpersonal crisis, failure in self-evaluation and loss of meaning and hope.
Santrock suggested that suicide should be thought of as the result of long term experiences and short term circumstances.
Symptoms of Suicidal Behavior
Most Suicides can be prevented. About 75 percent of suicidal students give some kind of warning. Some signs may be the giving away of prized possessions, living alone, a radical change in the person’s lifestyle and the loss of something very important are among a number of these signs.
Emotional signs – dull, tired, empty, sad, numb feelings, with little or no pleasure delivered from ordinarily enjoyed activities and people
Behavioral signs – irritability, excessive complaining about small annoyances, inability to concentrate, difficulty