Suicide amongst Military Personnel and Veterans

Best Essays
Suicide amongst Military Personnel and Veterans
In relation to Traumatic Brain Injury and
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

MPA 620
Prof. Woldeamanuel
Feb 26, 2014
“Doctors used to call it "shell shock," "soldier 's heart," or "nostalgia." Soldiers would shake uncontrollably, experience heart palpitations, or go blind after witnessing trauma on the battlefield. From as far back as ancient Greece, history reveals the psychological toll of war on soldiers. (Baran, 2010).

Introduction
In the United States, combat fatigue was coined to describe the mental health issues of soldiers that had returned from Vietnam. Common experiences among veterans were an inability to concentrate, insomnia, nightmares, restlessness, and impatience with almost any job or course of study, as well as alienation, depression, mistrust and expectation of betrayal. About 15 percent of American soldiers who served in Vietnam were still suffering from war-related mental health issues fifteen years after the war, according to a government-funded report published in 1990. (Baran, 2010). In 1980, Vietnam veterans pushed for legislation and acceptance in the medical and psychology fields concerning combat fatigue. Later that year, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder was recognized by practitioners and was returned back to the DSM as a mental health issue. Experts believed that up to 30% of Vietnam veterans were facing mental health issues and PTSD. (Baran, 2010) It is estimated that since the Vietnam War has ended, approximately 150,000 veterans have committed suicide.
The landscape of the United States was changed on the morning of September 11, 2001. In response to the attack, in October 2001 active duty soldiers were deployed to Afghanistan and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) was launched. By January 2002, more than 30,000 military personnel from active duty and reserves were involved in the conflict. In March 2003, military personnel were



Bibliography: http://www.t2.health.mil/programs/dodser, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011. http://veteransandptsd.com/PTSD-statistics.html, Rand Study, 2008 Ashley, V., Honzel, N., Larsen, J., Justus, T., & Swick, D Barnes, S. M., Walter, K. H., & Chard, K. M. (2012). Does a history of mild traumatic brain injury increase suicide risk in veterans with PTSD?. Rehabilitation Psychology, 57(1), 18-26. doi:10.1037/a0027007 Belik, S Belik, S. , Stein, M. , Asmundson, G. , & Sareen, J. (2010). Are canadian soldiers more likely to have suicidal ideation and suicide attempts than canadian civilians?. American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(11), 1250-1258. Benda, B. (2005). Gender differences in predictors of suicidal thoughts and attempts among homeless veterans that abuse substances. Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior, 35(1), 106-116. Bryan, C. , Cukrowicz, K. , West, C. , & Morrow, C. (2010). Combat experience and the acquired capability for suicide. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66(10), 1044-1056 Bryan, C Burke, H. S., Degeneffe, C. E., & Olney, M. F. (2009). A new disability for rehabilitation counselors: Iraq war veterans with traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder. The Journal of Rehabilitation, 75(3), 5+. Capehart, Bruce and Bass, Dale, Managing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in combat veterans with Comorbid Traumatic Brain Injury, Rehabilitation Research and Development, 49.5, 2012 Eaton, K Fear, N. , Ward, V. , Harrison, K. , Davison, L. , Williamson, S. , et al. (2009). Suicide among male regular uk armed forces personnel, 1984-2007. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 66(7), 438-441. Hersdorffer, Dale, Scott L. Rauch, and Carol A. Tamminga, Long-term Psychiatric Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24(6) (Dec 2009) Hines, L Kapur, N. , Wessely, S. , Pinder, R. , Iversen, A. , & Fear, N. (2012). Self-harm and attempted suicide among uk armed forces personnel: Results of a cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 58(4), 433-439. Links, P. , Kral, M. , & Bergmans, Y. (2012). Suicide studies and the need for mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6(3), 236-249. Wong, A. , Escobar, M. , Lesage, A. , Loyer, M. , Vanier, C. , et al. (2001). Are un peacekeepers at risk for suicide?. Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior, 31(1), 103-112.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    United States military veterans make up a sizeable population that has been identified as being at increased risk for suicide. There were 7.8 million veterans enrolled in Veteran Health Administration (VHA) healthcare in 2007, representing 33% of the veteran population (Kaplan, McFarland, & Huguet, 2009). Of those 7.8 million veterans, approximately five million are provided health services from the VHA each year. This is roughly one-fifth of all veterans living in the United States. In March…

    • 863 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Military Veterans

    • 2094 Words
    • 9 Pages

    among United States Military Veterans University of Central Florida PAD 3003 7/20/2014 Abstract In the United States, homelessness among veterans is a massive epidemic that the government is currently battling. Returning from military service to no home, is a situation no one should bare. The VA has vowed to end veteran homelessness by the year 2015. To combat this issue, the government instated the Open Doors program in 2009. As of 2013 there were roughly 57,486 veterans without a home. Since…

    • 2094 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Military Veterans

    • 397 Words
    • 2 Pages

    three major factors used in evaluating the usefulness of the military veteran segment. The first one is the number and growth of military veterans. Furthermore, their age, purchasing power, income, geographic, family, and other characteristics are all considerable variables for in the consumer markets. From the data of the U.S. Census Bureau reports, in 2010, there are 21.8 million veterans in the United States, and the percentage of veterans 25 and older with at least a bachelor’s degree in 2010 was…

    • 397 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Suicide In The Military

    • 739 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Eng101 April 27, 2013 Suicide in the military In recent years suicide within the United States armed forces has risen to the number one cause of death. ” More U.S. military personnel have died by suicide since the war in Afghanistan began than have died fighting there. The rate jumped 80% from 2004 to 2008” (Thompson). On average an Army member falls victim to suicide every other day. Most of these victims are males with combat experience. In the past ten years or so soldiers have been pushed…

    • 739 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Suicide In The Military

    • 1442 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Suicide in the Military “All active-duty branches of the military saw an increase in suicides in the third quarter of 2015, according to data released by the Pentagon.” (va.gov) Stressed about their experiences overseas and during war has caused our troops to go through major depression and anxiety up to the point where they take their own lives. Leaders of the army/military say they are taking every precaution that they can in order to decrease the suicide toll among our veterans. The effects…

    • 1442 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Military veterans often receive special treatment in their respective countries due to the sacrifices they made during wars. Different countries handle this differently, some openly support veterans through government programs and others ignoring them. Veterans are also subject to illnesses directly related to their military service such as PTSD. War veterans are generally treated with great respect and honor for their contribution to the world and country by their own nationals. Conversely there…

    • 1817 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Essay On Veteran Suicide

    • 378 Words
    • 2 Pages

    of veterans committing suicide has been astoundingly high and worrisome for many years. According to information shared by Army Times on Thursday, new reports released by the Department of Veteran Affairs include in depth analysis using veteran records from 1979-2014. These records include more than 50 million veterans’ and are from every state, unlike previous studies. The analysis revealed that the viral “22 a day” videos and estimates were not far off from being fact. In 2014, 20 veterans took…

    • 378 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Military Veterans Essay

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Assessing military veterans for posttraumatic stress disorder: A guide for primary care clinicians. Journal Of The American Academy Of Nurse Practitioners, 18(9), 409-413. doi:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2006.00147.x What is the article about? Bringing awareness and educating doctors on how military veterans are apt to be exposed to (PTSD) posttraumatic stress disorder because of the turmoil and stress they encounter while being deployed. Also educating them on how to recognize if a military veteran is suffering…

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Suicide in the Military

    • 2237 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Suicide in the Military Candace L. Clark Park University October 7, 2009 Stressed by war and long overseas tours, U.S. soldiers killed themselves last year at the highest rate on record, the toll rising for a fourth straight year and even surpassing the suicide rate among comparable civilians. Army leaders said they were doing everything they could think of to curb the deaths and appealed for more mental health professionals to join and help out. Clearly, the military is going above and…

    • 2237 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Military and veteran’s pride themselves as being strong, confident, and resistant to emotional weakness. However, those traits inadvertently foster the stigma that soldiers who seek assistance are problematic and weak-minded. During my time of service, I realized that many soldiers did not seek help for fear of being discharged from their respective branches. During my time at Fort Wainwright, Alaska, I had difficulties adjusting to military life; it was my first time away from my family, I…

    • 318 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays