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Suicide Among Young People

By b2k105 Nov 24, 2010 1057 Words
Completed Suicide

Completed Suicide and Psychiatric Diagnoses in Young People: A Critical Examination of the Evidence
Class: Psychology 101
Date: 09/28/2008

Intro
It is time for us to understand the function of specific mental disorders and their relative importance. Death committed suicide is a problem worldwide. In the study done by the World Health Organization, authors looked at the published English research. In this process psychiatric retrace the presence and the distribution of mental disorders in cases of young people who have killed themselves all over the world. In this study they paid close attention to the different reasons why young people get to commit suicide. At the top of the chart they had mental disorder, if we want to be more precise we have to tell you that mental disorder represented a number of (88.6%) from the majority of cases that they were looking at. In second place they had mood disorder (42.1%) which was followed by substance-related disorders (40.8 %) and disruptive behavior that came last because it only represented a number of 20.8 %. From the results that they got the organization decided to put their focus trying to understand the role of mental disorder on death committed suicide among young people. There have been a lot of discussion and documentary in this topic. But to get people’s attention the WHO knew that they had to prove this relationship from the public perspective because failure to do so, represent a danger for young people all over the world. Method

Using the systematic study of all English-language reports that were related to mental disorders. The organization was very focus on the identification of mental disorders from the data’s that they collected from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10, World Organization, 1992) or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 4th ed; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). By using different key words they also did a search on the Lilac also call Latin American database unfortunately they did not get the results that they wanted. The reason why we say that is because by browsing through the data base only thirteen articles contained information that was useful to them. In all of the studies they only got to use mainly the people who were under the age of 30 years old. By looking at table 1 we could see that the age that they used was 15-29. But in most of the cases after they analyzed the age fall down 10 and 24 years of age. The study was conducted by using specific time period also specific city, number of counties and country). Because the WHO was so focus on mental disorders they collected information from all available source of information. That means that they collected information from friends, family, relatives, interviews with health professionals, coroner’s records and from medical records/health records. Most of the studies were done by taking into account the information of both sexes. Only one of the study took the information about genders separately and this was done in the case of the study that done during a compulsory military service. Result

After collecting all of the information that they needed for the study, they were able to come up with a total of 849 suicide cases among young people. In most of the cases the people who have committed suicide were under the age of 20. About 72% were up to 21 years old, 12.3% were between the ages of 20-29. After they completed their test, the authors realized that mood disorder 42%, substance-related disorder and disruptive behavior disorders were the three most common symptoms among the young people who have committed suicide. In two other study done by Groholt, Ekeberg, 1996 by looking at 240 cases in all of the cases that they analyzed mood disorders was strongly present even though sometimes it was attributed with another symptoms. When they wanted to focus on gender the authors information from the five studies that was performed by (Apter et al...1993; Asgard, 1990; Groholt et al..1997; Martunen, Aro, Henriksson, & Lonvist, 1991; Shaffer et al..1996). When after analyzing the information that they have collected, they concluded that mood disorders and other DSM Axis I were more common among women. One of the possible reasons like they explain it was that it may have been due to the fact that women are more likely to suffer from eating disorder. Opinion/critic

The question that was addressed was whether or not mental disorder play a crucial role in the death related suicide. As their subjects the authors used young people from different part of the world. The people that they chose were between the ages from 15-30 years old. In their study they used public record documents as well as interview along with documentaries that they did with the relatives and friends of the victims. The result that they found was that mental disorders was not the only cause of death related suicide among young people. Because Mood disorder along with disruptive behavior disorder also played a big role in the death related suicide among young people. But in my point of view, I can say that this study was very confusing. The reason why I say that is because that to me did not really focus on one particular subject or area. When I first started reading the journal, it was interesting because at the beginning they were talking about how mental disorder is the primary cause of death related suicide around the world. But when I got to the middle of the article I was lost.

Reference
Fleischmann, A, PhD
Bertolote, Jose´ Manoel MD,
Belfer, Myron, MD
Annette Beautrais, PhD
Christchurch School of Medicine
American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and
statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and
statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.).
Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and
statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Andrews, J. A., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1992). Suicidal attempts among older adolescents: Prevalence and co-occurrence
with psychiatric disorders. Journal of the American
Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31,
655–662.

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