Article #1 Anna Linstruth P.3 Biology H
“Sugar, Why We Can't Resist It” National Geographic 08/13
Author: Rich Cohen
Sugarcane was domesticated 10,000 years ago to the island of New Guinea Sugars added to processed foods enhance flavor & texture.
They also act as a preservative to extend shelf life.
The sugar that reached the west was consumed only by the nobility, so rare it was classified as a spice. If you worked at the sugar mill and got your finger stuck in the millstone, they cut off your hand. If you tried to run, they cut off your leg. Today the average American consumes 77 pounds of added sugar annually, more than 22 teaspoons of added sugar a day. In 1900 5% of people had high blood pressure, and now one-third have high blood pressure. 153 million people had diabetes in 1980, today 347 million people do. We crave sugar because an injection of sugar into the bloodstream stimulates the same pleasure center in the brain as heroin or cocaine. Sugar is a poison itself if consumed at high doses.
“Sweet poison: why is sugar ruining our health?” www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink 01/14 Author: Victoria Lambert
Not all calories are equal, because not all monosaccharides-(the simplest forms of sugar, the building blocks of carbohydrates)- are equal. When people ate 150 calories more every day, the rate of diabetes went up 0.1%. But if those 150 calories came from a can of fizzy drink, the rate went up 1.1%. added sugar is 11 times more potent at causing diabetes than general calories. Look online and you'll see fructose described as “fruit sugar” -it's the nutrient that nature put into apples & pears to entice humans(and birds) to eat it- Some agave nectars, for example, can be 92% fructose, 8%...
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