subhash chandra bose

Topics: Indian National Congress, Indian independence movement, Subhas Chandra Bose Pages: 3 (1013 words) Published: September 23, 2013
In 1927, after being released from prison, Bose became general secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence. Again Bose was arrested and jailed for civil disobedience; this time he emerged to become Mayor of Calcutta in 1930. During the mid-1930s Bose travelled in Europe, visiting Indian students and European politicians, including Benito Mussolini. He observed party organisation and saw communism and fascism in action. By 1938 Bose had become a leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress president. He stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance), including the use of force against the British. This meant a confrontation with Mohandas Gandhi, who in fact opposed Bose's presidency, splitting the Indian National Congress party. Bose attempted to maintain unity, but Gandhi advised Bose to form his own cabinet. The rift also divided Bose and Nehru. Bose appeared at the 1939 Congress meeting on a stretcher. He was elected president again over Gandhi's preferred candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya. U. Muthuramalingam Thevar strongly supported Bose in the intra-Congress dispute. Thevar mobilised all south India votes for Bose. However, due to the manoeuvrings of the Gandhi-led clique in the Congress Working Committee, Bose found himself forced to resign from the Congress presidency. The rise of Subhas Chandra Bose in the political scenario of India and his contributions to the freedom struggle of the country forms a sensational story. Though he was elected twice as the President of Indian National Congress, his difference with Gandhi prompted him to quit the Congress Party in 1939 and form the Forward Bloc. His radical outlook and activities alarmed the British Government and Bose was imprisoned in 1940 A.D. His fragile health led the Government to release him from the jail and Bose remained under house arrest. Bose left home in 1941 and went outside India in disguise. Travelling through Afghanistan and...
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