Sub-Saharan Africa Essay

Topics: South Africa, African National Congress, Nelson Mandela Pages: 3 (939 words) Published: December 18, 2012
Sub-Saharan Africa Essay
Apartheid: what is it, when did it begin, where did it take place, how were the people involved affected and what caused it to end? The Apartheid took place in South Africa between the years 1948-1994. Apartheid is an Afrikaans word that means 'separation', and is the name given to the particular racial-social ideology developed in South Africa during this time. It was all about racial segregation, and about political and economic discrimination which separated Black (or Bantu), Colored, Indian, and White South Africans. It was brought about by the Afrikaner National Party (although there was segregation before this in the 17th century because of English and Dutch colonization). The Apartheid was a way to maintain white domination, while encouraging racial segregation During the time of the Apartheid there were laws put into place known as the Apartheid laws. These laws were very similar to those of the Jim Crow laws we knew here in America. These laws made the segregation of whites and non-white concrete. These laws included “White only jobs”, mixed marriages were not allowed, and segregation of schools and other institutions. The 1950 Population Registration Act required to the people of South Africa to themselves as White, Black, Indian, or Colored. These identifications were based off of appearance, social acceptance, and descent. People were required to carry around “passbooks” that contained there finger prints, photos, and accesses to non- black areas. Those who decided to not comply with these laws were dealt with harshly by government officials, allowed by the 1953 Public Safety Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act.

Homelands-blacks- aliens in their own country1951 Bantu Authorities act 1953 Public Safety Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act

How were people affected?
Because it meant that black people were unable to live any sort of reasoned life. All natural civil rights were taken away from them. They were...

Cited: http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/LMSouthaffects.htm
http://www.apartheidmuseum.org/
http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Apartheid.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WfdKqrPazlo
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