Study of the Influence of Teacher Effectiveness

Topics: School, Education, Teacher Pages: 56 (19297 words) Published: December 13, 2010
CHAPTER ONE
1.1Background to the study
As a teacher in the secondary school system in Nigeria for many years, experience has shown that, there are two categories of teachers – the good or effective teachers, and the bad or ineffective teachers’ observable from among teachers in the school system. The effective teachers are perceived to be fully equipped naturally and professionally to lead their students to success in competitive standardized tests, as well as inculcate in them, values that would make them exhibit behaviours that are generally desirable and acceptable. On the other hand, the ineffective teachers do not care about the success of their students in examinations, and, in some cases, students who pass through such teachers, especially in terms of emulating their life styles, tend to exhibit behaviours that are detestable by the society. Such students also, do not perform well in competitive examination. This study seeks to find out whether teacher effectiveness influences students academic performance. It is not, however, very easy, to investigate the area of effectiveness in teaching, because many hold the view that the concept has no measurable indices. In order to approach this issue, this study embarked on the following measures. The first goal of the study was to explore the school and grades of students that were used for the study. The second goal was to identify the effective and the less effective teachers from among the teachers’ population meant for the study. Thirdly, the researcher, embarked on identifying the various dimensions of teachers quality, and which helped in the categorization of the teachers into effective and ineffective groups. There are various dimensions of teacher quality. Some might argue that the primary aspect of teacher quality is content knowledge, others might argue, that, it is the effective use of pedagogy. Some others, too, might argue that teacher quality should be assessed only by student outcomes, regardless of pedagogy. Even, from among those who hold the views that teacher quality should be assessed by student outcomes, however, arguments could be made for an emphasis on different types of student outcomes. Teacher quality can be gauged by short- term outcomes such as students’ performance on state standardized tests at the end of the period prescribed for a given academic programme. Long-term outcomes may be much more difficult to measure, but some might argue, that the best teachers are those who somehow improve students’ educational trajectories in some important ways. In other words, teacher quality is multi-dimensional and complex in nature, and can be measured in multiple ways. In Nigeria, the minimum educational and professional qualifications for any individual to teach in the secondary school system, is the Nigerian Certificate in Education (N.C.E). It is speculated that a good number of teachers in the secondary school system in Nigeria have higher degrees and certificates. It is also speculated that some of the non-professional teachers (as they are called in educational parlance), are much committed in their service delivery; including giving and marking students’ assignments on regular basis, having interests in students’ progress in examinations, and having thorough knowledge of the subjects they teach. Experience has also shown that a good number of students who offer the subjects taught by some of the non-professional teachers perform very well at both the internally and externally conducted achievement tests. On another variant, experience has shown that some of the professionally and non-professionally qualified teachers in the secondary school system are found wanting in terms of instructional delivery, temperament, enthusiasm for the teaching profession and even, in the mastery of the subject they teach. The result of this is that some of the students taught by this class of teachers develop hatred for teachers and their subjects, and thus,...

References: Abdullahi, A (Ed) (1979). Journal of the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria 18 (1) 40 – 47
Adamu, S.O; and Johnson, T.L
Adeniyi, A.O (Ed) (1992). Education for all. An international year book in teacher education. Lagos: Federal Ministry of Education
Ali, A
Aiyepekun, T.F. (1987). Inspection of schools and colleges Lagos: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) Ltd.
Combs, A.W & Snygg, D. (1959). Individual behaviour, New York: Harper and Row
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1998). National policy on education
Fredricson, B.I. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotion to optimize health and wel being. Prevention and treatment 3 article 00019. retrived November, 20, 2006 from http: journal apa.org/prevention/vols3/pre0030019.html.
Gammage, P.C. (1971). Teacher and pupil. Some socio-psychological aspects. London: Rout ledge and Kegan Paul.
Hammond, D. (1979). Teacher quality and student achievement. A review of state policy evidence. Washington centre for the study of teaching and policy.
13Highet, G. (1951). The art of teaching. London: Methuen and company Ltd
Ikegbunam, C
Ivowi, U.M. (Ed) (1979). Journal of Research in Curriculum 1.(1) 49 – 55
John, B
Mairi, R and Davidson, G (Ed) (2000).Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. NewDelhi: Allied Publishing Ltd.
Moon, B, and Shelton, A (Ed) (1997). Teaching and learning. London: Routledge Publishishers
Morrison, U.I (2006)
Nwankwo, O.C. (1996). Psychology of learning: The human perspectives. Port Harcourt: Pan unique publishers.
Nwankwo, O.C (2006). A practical guide to research writing. (revised edition). Port Harcourt: Pan Unique publishers.
Njoku, S. (Ed) (2005). Nigerian Journal of Professional Teachers 1 (1 49 -55
Oderinde, B.B (Ed) (1997) Enhancing quality education in Nigeria
Ortiz, G. (1977). The relationship between teacher behaviour and student academic engagement in an inner city preschool. Retrieved, October 31, 2008 from http://eric.ed. Eric web portal/custom/portlets/record details/detailmini. JSP? Fpb
Perkins, H.V
Rogers, D.(Ed) (1969). Issues in adolescent psychology. New York: Appleton Century. Cropts Educational Division, Meredith Corporation.
Schofield, H. (1972). Assessment and testing. An introduction London; Unwin in Educational Books, George Allen and Unwin Limited.
Sills, D.L. (Ed) (1972) International encyclopedia of social science. New York: The Macmillan Company and the Free Press .
Sulaimon, O.E. (2005). Teachers’ perception of pedagogical effectiveness among senior secondary English Language teachers. Nigerian Journal of Professional Teachers 1(1)77.83
Wragg, E.C., Wikely, F.J; Wragg, S.,, & Haynes, G.S (1996)
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Teacher Effectiveness Essay
  • Teacher Effectiveness Essay
  • Study of Teachers Essay
  • The Influence Of Teachers Essay
  • Essay on teacher
  • Study of Teachers Essay
  • Essay about Teacher
  • Essay about Teacher

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free