Study of Dolphins

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Topics: Crime, Criminology
WEEK ONE
What is Forensic Psychology? * Psychology * The science of human * Thought * Emotion * Behaviour * Forensic: means ‘of the courts’ * Literal interpretation: ‘Psychology of the courts’ * Criminal psychology * Relates to the psychology of criminal behaviour as well as the social context in which it occurs * Forensic psychology is broader than criminal psychology. It relates to: * Criminal law * Civil law * Family law * 2 major approaches to defining Forensic Psychology * Narrow; Vs * Broad * Narrow * The application and practice of psychology in the legal system, particularly the courts * Broad * Covers a wider application of psychology to legal matters

Major components of Forensic Psychology * Police psychology * Recruitment * Stress * Investigative psychology * Profiling * Geographical profiling * Clinical psychology * Assessment * Prediction * Prison psychology * Treatment * Parole/release * Biological psychology * Criminal inheritance * Effects of injury * Developmental psychology * Aggression * Delinquency * Cognitive psychology * Eyewitness testimony * Interviewing * Social psychology * Juries * Media influences

History of forensic and criminal psychology

1893 – J Mckeen Catteell conducted the first experiment on the psychology of testimony
1917 – Psychologists used psychological tests to screen law enforcement candidates
1921 – An American psychologist testified as an expert witness in a courtroom
1970’s – Term ‘Forensic Psychology’ emerged
1971 – American Psychology – Law Society formed (APLS) and American Academy of Psychiatry and Law (AAPL)
1978 – Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law (ANZPPL) formed
1978 – APLS created the



Links: * Forensic psychologists work within a legal system devised for the development and application of the law * Paradigm clash (Hany, 1980) * According to Durkheim (1895) crime performs a functional social role * Helps society to identify moral values and standards of behaviour * Crime is what the law defines as crime * Tappan (1947)

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