study of cinema

Topics: Film, Tamil cinema, Cinema of India Pages: 15 (5867 words) Published: October 10, 2014
Malayalam cinema

Malayalam cinema is the Indian film industry based in kerala, India, dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Malayalamlanguage. At first (beginning in the 1920s), the Malayalam film industry was based in Trivandrum. Although the film industry started to develop and flourish only by the late-1940s. Later, the industry shifted to Chennai (formerly Madras), which then was the capital of the South Indian film industry. By the end of 1980s, the Malayalam film industry returned and established itself in Kerala.[1] Several media sources[2][3]describe Kochi as the hub of the film industry, while the Kerala government publications[4] and government sponsored Kinfra organisation[5] states Thiruvananthapuram is the centre. The first 3D film produced in India, My Dear Kuttichathan (1984), was made in Malayalam.[6] The first CinemaScope film produced in Malayalam was Thacholi Ambu (1978).[7] The world's first film with just one actor in the star cast was the Malayalam film The Guard(2001).[8][9] Rajiv Anchal's Guru (1997) and Salim Ahamed's Adaminte Makan Abu (2011) are the only Malayalam films to be sent by India as its official entry for the Best Foreign Language Film category at the Academy Awards, though not selected. Films such as Piravi, Swaham,Marana Simhasanam, Chemmeen, Mathilukal and Vanaprastham were also screened and won awards at several international film festivals.[10][11][12][13]

History of Malayalam cinema[edit]
Active Malayalam film production did not take place until the second half of the 20th century: there were only two silent films, and three Malayalam-language films before 1947.The film industry is also known as mollywood.[14][15] With support from the Kerala state government production climbed from around 6 a year in the 1950s, through 30 a year in the 60s, 40 a year in the 70s, to 127 films in the year 1980.[14] Origins (1907-1950)[edit]

The first cinema hall in Kerala, with a manually operated film projector, was opened in Thrissur by Jose Kattookkaran in 1907. In 1913, the first permanent theatre in Kerala was established in Ollur, Thrissur city by Jose and was called the Jose Electrical Bioscope now known as Jose Theatre in Thrissur city.[16][17][18] The first film to be made in Malayalam was Vigathakumaran. Production started in 1928, and it was released in Trivandrum Capitol Theatre on 23 October 1930. It was produced and directed by J. C. Daniel, a businessman with no prior film experience, who is credited as the father of Malayalam cinema.[19] Daniel founded the first film studio, The Travancore National Pictures Limited, in Kerala.[19] A second film, Marthanda Varma, based on a novel by C. V. Raman Pillai, was produced by R. Sundar Raj in 1933. However, after only being shown for four days, the film prints were confiscated due to a legal battle over copyright.[19] The first talkie in Malayalam was Balan,[20] released in 1938. It was directed by S. Nottani with a screenplay and songs written by Muthukulam Raghavan Pillai. It was produced atChennai (then Madras) in the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Balan was followed by Gnanambika in 1940 which was directed by S. Notani. Then came Prahlada in 1941 directed by K. Subramoniam of Madras and featuring Guru Gopinath and Thankamani Gopinath. Until 1947 Malayalam films were made by Tamil producers. Artist P. J. Cherian[21] was the first Malayali producer to venture into this field and the trend then changed. He Produced Nirmala in 1948 with Joseph Cherian, Baby Joseph his son and daughter-in-law in the lead roles as hero and heroin; and many other family members in other roles breaking the taboo that noble family people do not take up acting. Thus 'Nirmala' became the first film produced by a Malayali setting many firsts for introducing play-back singing, cinema with a social theme where the entire family could sit together and watch it. Artist P.J. Cherian was the first cinema producer to explore the possibility...

References: 2. Jump up^ Viswanath, Chandrakanth. (2013-01-29) Kochi sizzling onscreen. The New Indian Express. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
3. Jump up^ Veedu |. Manorama Online (2013-05-23). Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
8. Jump up^ Unni R. Nair (11 January 2002). "The Guard: Commendable effort". Screen India. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
14. ^ Jump up to:a b Roy Armes (1987). Third World film making and the West. University of California Press. p. 121. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
26. Jump up^ "Christian Brothers Releases In 244 Cinemas". SansCinema. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
38. Jump up^ K. Pradeep (25 April 2008). "Family affair". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
42. Jump up^ "Tribute : Family affair". Chennai, India: 2008-04-25. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
43. Jump up^ "Columns : KANDAM BACHA COATU 1961". Chennai, India: 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
44. Jump up^ kikvn (2006-09-04). "MACTA to remake 'Bhargavi Nilayam '". Chennai, India: Retrieved 2008-12-30.
45. Jump up^ " 'Chemmeen ' is 40". Chennai, India: 2005-11-16. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
47. Jump up^ B. Vijayakumar. (19 June 2011). "CHITRAMELA 1967". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
49. Jump up^ Jayaram, S. B. (1992). Aravindan and His Films. Trivandrum: Chalachitra. pp. 1–36.OCLC 33983644.
50. Jump up^ R. Ayyappan (January 1, 2000). "Sleaze time, folks". Retrieved April 14, 2011.
52. Jump up^ Rediff On The Net, Movies: An interview with Rajeev Anchal, director of the Oscar-nominated Guru. (1998-03-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
53. Jump up^ "Hari gets Meera, so does Krishnan in Fazil 's Harikrishnans". The Indian Express. September 12, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
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