Business Academic Skills
Week 6 Workshop
Identify key information in resources.
Evaluate the limitations of resources.
Articulate overall appropriateness and usefulness of a resource for a given assessment task.
Academic literature and business reports are lengthy and knowing what information is important and relevant and where to find it is often difficult. At university, students often need to read copious amounts of literature to complete assessment tasks but are unable to identify key elements within the text, such as the thesis statements and research methodologies, and evaluate them. In the work environment, employers expect employees to know where to find key elements and determine the level of relevance it holds for the company. Once students are able to find and comprehend relevant material they are then able to effectively paraphrase the information.
Textbook, Chapter 7: Evaluating and paraphrasing resources
Workshop Readings: Paine et al. (2005); Williams (2008); and Pedigo & Marshall (2009)
1. Assessment Due: Researching Section 2: Annotated Reference List a. Must be submitted within the first 10 minutes of the workshop b. The Turnitin Originality Report must be attached
2. Workshop Discussion 1: Annotated Bibliographies
b. Structure and expression
c. Key elements
d. Research methodology
e. Connectors to unify your text
3. Workshop Activity 1: Annotated Bibliographies
a. Paine et al. (2005)
b. Williams (2008)
4. Workshop Activity 2: Annotated Bibliography
a. Annotate Pedigo and Marshall (2009)
b. Mark the Pedigo and Marshall (2009) annotation
Workshop Discussion 1: Annotated Bibliographies
An annotated bibliography gives a brief account of the available research on a given topic. It is a list of research sources – such as book chapters, journal articles, and website material – that includes a summary and evaluation of each source.
Essentially, it is a list of sources (a bibliography) with notes (annotation).
Annotated bibliographies have several functions. They can be used to:
1. Review the literature on a particular topic. The key consideration is the text's relevance to your area of concern. 2. Demonstrate the quality and depth of your research.
3. Provide an accessible record of your academic readings to draw on at a later stage, including: the bibliographic details of the source you intend to use in your text, a summary of the reading, so that you don't have to re-read the entire source again, and your evaluation of the reading.
The structure and expression
Each entry in an annotated bibliography begins with the bibliographic details of the source (the citation), followed by a brief annotation which is broken up into two additional parts that summarises and evaluates the resource.
1. The summary section reports the authors' ideas and research objectively and uses terms such as: Trevor et al, The authors, Their research. 2. The evaluation section details how and why the resource is useful and uses subjective opinion and evaluative language, such as: The article, The main limitation of the article, This article.
Annotations also incorporate reporting verbs. These verbs are used to describe and summarise the information found in the literature. For example:
Finally, annotations use words and phrases that show logical relationships (logical connectors) between the ideas. For example:
1. and – signals additional idea...
Bibliography: Working in small groups, write annotations for the Paine et al. (2005) and Williams (2008) workshop readings to address the workshop question below:
Workshop question: Evaluate the need for business ethics in a global economy.
Annotate Paine et al. (2005)
Insert YOUR response in the boxes below:
Annotate Paine et al. (2005)
Insert the MODEL response in the boxes below:
Annotate Williams (2008)
Insert YOUR responses in the boxes below:
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