1. Which of the following was NOT a progressive-era Muckraker who published and expose? Upton Saniclair- wrote the Jungle, about the meatpacking industry Ida Tarbel: wrote about the Standard oil trusts
Lincoln Stefens: wrote about Machine Gov’t and Boss Rule
2. Theodore Roosevelt became known as a “trustbuster” because he directed the Justice Department to prosecute: The Northern Securities Co.- under the Sherman Anti-trust Act
3. Woodrow Wilson was only the second Democrat since the Civil War to be elected to the presidency. He was able to do this in the 1912 election because: The Republican Party split- There were Progressives and regular Republicans.
4. *Which of the following statements could NOT be said after Wilson’s and Roosevelt’s presidencies? Things that could be said: They were for Big Gov’t, more regulations, more powerful President and Gov’t, They took credit when economy was good and were blamed when economy was bad- this was the workings of the Federal Reserve Board not the presidents
5. Once he became president, Woodrow Wilson: Does not keep his promises, acts on Roosevelt’s campaign for Big Gov’t and becomes more progressive
6. As president, William H Taft advocated a foreign policy that emphasized: Dollar Diplomacy, which is guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries. He wanted to make economic ties with Latin America.
7. In announcing resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917, Germany hoped that: They could cut Great Britain off from vital supplies. They would defeat Britain before American troops could enter the war
8. The initial US policy regarding the war in Europe was to: Remain Neutral
9. Bernard Baruch ran the War Industries Board efficiently
10. In asking for a declaration of war against Germany, Wilson listed reasons including making the world safe for: Democracy- part of his 14 pt plan
11. Two amendments were added to the constitution in the post-war era, The Eighteenth Amendment provided for prohibition and the Nineteenth for The right for Women to vote.
12. * As a result of the election of 1920: Warren G. Harding won, worst president ever, accused of many scandals in his presidency (he was involved in sex scandal), Vets were not treated for PTSD, Harding becomes ill and dies and Coolidge is sworn in. Democrats wanted the Treaty of Versailles ratified to honor Wilson, Republicans wanted Return to Normalcy
13. The “Big Four” was a reference to: Top Allied leaders who met at the Paris Peace Conference. Wilson, George, Orlando, Clemenceau
14. The federal Census of 1920 showed that: More people lived in urban areas rather than rural areas
15. During his term as Secretary of Commerce, Herbert Hoover: Under Harding and Coolidge- promoting and developing foreign and domestic trade.
16. The Dawes Plan: Was created by Charles Dawes. Attempt for the Triple Entente to compromise and collect war reparations debt from Germany by setting up a staggered payment plan for Germany. U.S. loans $ to Germany to pay GB and France, France pays U.S their debts w/ same $ then U.S. turns around and loans $ again to Germany. Ties up the banking system altogether.
17. During the early 1920’s the KKK: The movie “Birth of a nation” gives rise to KKK, says there is only one type of good American: W.A.S.P., they eventually fall from power: sex, $, murder scandals
18. This community became the cultural and demographic capital of black America in the 1920’s: Harlem
Harlem Renaissance: music, art, literature
19. “There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, anytime” was a statement that won this governor national prominence: Calvin Coolidge
20. The Great Depression was caused by: Development and manufacturing of cars and construction, maldistribution of Purchasing power, farmers in debt, banks fail, European demand for U.S, goods decline. Smoot Hawley tariff.
21. Kellogg Briand Treaty: “Pact of Paris” (International Agreement) - outlawing war as an instrument of national policy- “Do not use war to resolve disputes or conflicts of whatever nature”. Started out as Bi-Lateral and became Multi-lateral
22. Hay-Paunceforte Treaty: Signed by U.S. and Great Britain. Gave the U.S. the right to build and control the Panama Canal. Great Britain asked U.S, to allow equal access to everyone.
23. Treaty of Berlin (1921): Formally ended the war between America and Germany, *was not a big event, was to be signed by the president
24. Treaty of Versailles: Formally ended the WWI (peace treaty) It ended the war between Germany and the Allied Powers 5 yrs after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
25. Treaty of Portsmouth: Was created in Portsmouth, MN. , it ended the Russian-Japanese war. Roosevelt was instrumental in negotiating between these 2 countries and won the Nobel Peace Prize.
26. George Creel: Investigative Journalist and politician who was the head of the U>S. Committee on Public Information (CPI) a propaganda organization created by Woodrow Wilson during WWI. He wrote his publication to try to build public support for the war effort against Germany
27. Herbert Hoover: Allows businesses to work together “Business Associasionalism” to avoid competition: competition is good for consumers, but bad for businesses. Runs for President in 1928, Democrats elect him to run against Al Smith, Wins election of 1928 Great Depression
Does nothing at first
Tries to help farmers: $4 ½ billion to buy farm products= products go up and crop prices go down RFC: welfare for rich companies
Congress raises taxes
Raise interest rates
28. William McAdoo: Wilson’s son-in-law, head of the Railroad Administration. Tried to make sure that the RR ran as efficiently as possible to get goods to port to send to Europe during the war, Adopted the Standard Time Zone 29. Albert Fall: Secretary of the Interior, caught up in the Tea Pot Scandal in Wyoming, also Elk Hills, CA, and allowed big oil companies to drill and take the oil, took bribes of $500,000, and went to jail.
30. Charles Evans Hughes: Progressive Governor of N.Y., regulated N.Y. Public Utilities, Secretary of State, Supreme Ct. Chief Justice in 1930’s, close to becoming president in 1916. Led the Washington Naval Conference.
31. Progressives were: From both parties, usually for Big Gov’t. Republicans: Teddy Roosevelt, Charles Evans Hughes, Robert La Fallette. Democrats: Woodrow Wilson. Usually against immigration and for prohibition
32. The Square Deal: Roosevelt mediated between Coal miners and Management. Gave the miners 8 hr work days and raises pay. Tells management that they do not have to recognize Unions. Roosevelt uses “The Square Deal” as his campaign slogan for the election of 1904
33. Roosevelt was known: For wanting Big Gov’t, gave journalists the name “Muckrakers”, Powerful symbol of reform, republican, developed the Square Deal for miners, Trust Buster, Conservationist, got JP Morgan to buy Tennessee Coal & Iron, elected in 1904, Creates new National campaign, builds Panama Canal, wins Nobel Peace Prize, negotiates treaty of Portsmouth, Big Stick Diplomacy, Bull Moose Party. Says “My biggest accomplishment was acquiring the panama zone in record time”.
34. The Roosevelt Corollary: Extension of the Monroe Doctrine, asserting that the U.S. has the right to protect its economic interests in South & Central America and exercise international police force to restore order
35. Wilson’s “New Freedom”: Break up all the big companies, so we can have small gov’t and destroy big trusts to decrease gov’t
36. Richard Ballinger: Secretary of the Interior for Taft. He allowed the cutting down of trees in federally controlled forests, opened them up to exploitation (mining and lumber co.)
37. Pershing’s punitive expedition: To find Pancho Villa, it was cut short so that he could go back to U.S. and prepare for WWI
38. The Triple Alliance: also called the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire allied together against Western Europe
39. Calvin Coolidge: Won election of 1924, Harding’s V.P. from N.E., nickname is “Silent Cal”, he took a stand against the civil servants striking: Police Strike of 1919
40. The Scopes Trial: John Scopes- high school teacher who teaches evolution in school. He was arrested, tried, and convicted. Conviction was overturned and fine went away. “Scopes Monkey Trial” play based on this event. This was a gov’t set up, test case for schools to teach evolution.
41. Mexico invades the US here: New Mexico
42. This was the Laboratory of Democracy: Wisconsin
43. Charles Evans Hughes was a progressive governor of this state: New York
44. Location of the Teapot Dome: Wyoming
45. Jeanette Rankin was elected as the first female House member from this state: Montana
1. Brest Litovsk: Treaty between the Bolshevik gov’t of Russia and Central Powers. Leaving large amounts of land to triple alliance along with soldiers to help continue fighting. It ended the Russian’s participation in WWI.
2. Moral Diplomacy: Woodrow Wilson’s policy to support countries w/ democratic gov’t like the U.S. and economically injure non-democratic countries. Support those who have the same moral beliefs as us and recognize human rights. He did not practice Moral Diplomacy with Mexico
3. Prohibition: legal act of prohibiting the manufacturing, storage, transportation and sale of alcohol. Came from moralist conviction of Protestants and Women’s Suffrage