Health Psychology Exam 3 Review Sheet
The exam will consist of 45 multiple choice questions (2 points each, total possible points=90 points). Generally, focus on understanding the key concepts introduced in your chapter (in boldface with definition at the bottom of page) AND the lectures. There are some topic areas that we discussed more in detail in class than those covered in the textbook (all of which were explicitly stated in class), so pay close attention to your class notes. Remember, you are responsible for all of the assigned readings (whether it was covered in lecture or not) and the lecture materials covered in class. I strongly recommend that you first review each chapter and lecture notes. Then, go over this list and go back to your book/notes for the questions you don’t know the answers for. Good luck Lesson 7. The Concept of Stress
Describe three approaches to examining stress in the field (stressor, strain, process) o
Stressor: the stimulus(physical and psychological)
Process: the Continuous interactions and adjustments: Transactions o
Strain: the body’s response
Physical – direct tissue damage
Psychological (adverse emotional and psychological response)
Define Stress in terms of transactional approach
Continuing exchange between people and their social and physical environment. Reactions are based on an individual’s cognitive processes or interpatation of the meaning of event and their typical methods of coping or responding to stressors.
Define stress and stressor (book definition)
Stress: physical and psychological reaction to a threat to physical, psychological, or social health.
Describe Walter Cannon’s Fight or Flight Response
The response of animals, including humans, when threatened with harm. It includes arousal by the sympathetic nervous system and endocrine systems to attack or flee.
Describe Han’s Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome
3 stages of stress:
Alarm: perceived threat and prepares a fight or flee
Resistance: animals copes with stressful situation
Exhaustion: when the body begins to deteriorate under stress
Explain the physiological reactions to stress (neuroendocrine responses, SAM/HPA, epinephrine, norepinephrine) o
Neuroendocrine responses: cells in CNS control and coordinate all functions for stress response. o
SAM and HPA systems are involved
Electrochemical changes activate SAM axis to release epinephrine and norepinepharine into the bloodstream.
Explain ways exposure to stressors can be harmful to health -- Describe three pathways through which our body changes in response to stressors (mind-body, changes in immune system, unhealthy behaviors) o
Mind-Body- (psychophysiological disorders)
GI/respiratory and skin and musculoskeletal and metabolic and cardiovascular disorder
Can also cause menstrual irregularities; cancer; accident proness
Studying the bidirectional connections between behaviors and the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. Research shows the brain influences the immune reactivity. For example, depression may lower immune system resistance.
Give examples of psychophysiological disorders
Describe different types of measures used in measuring stress o
Physiological measures (physical arousal, biochemical)
Daily hassles, uplifts
Describe gender differences in stress and health
Men are more likely to consume meat, fat and salt. But not as much fiber, fruits and veggies o
Less likely than women to exercise, less likely to exercise, delay getting medical help and risky behaviors.
Other definitions: panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, coping, autonomic nervous system, sympathetic nervous system, parasympathetic nervous system, endocrine system, primary and secondary appraisal, reappraisal, SRRS o
Panic disorder: a tendency of humans to experience fear and anxiety...
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