What is Design?
Q1: What was the industrial revolution? When did it occur? How did industrialisation lead to the creation of the design profession? How was industrial manufacturing different from the traditional way of making a product and what role did the designer play in creating new products?
The industrial revolution was the transition to manufacturing processes, beginning in England around the 16th century. Industrialization led to the creation of the design profession, because that was one of the only factors which allowed similar products to stand out from one another (Hauffe, 1998, p.9). This differed from the traditional way of making products, as the roles the designers play in creating new products encompasses not only the products themselves, but also the image of the entire business.
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Q2: Explain what series and mass production means. What other factors over time have contributed to the high turnover and international sales of manufactured products?
Series, or mass production were explained as “not produced as single pieces but in larger quantities” (Hauffe, 1998, p.12). Over time, there have been many distribution methods which contribute to a high turnover, such as catalogs, sales representatives, and an overall increase of use of advertising.
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Q3: Using your own words, explain the meaning of the term “form follows function” and its significance. The supporters of Modernist design and functionalism assumed two things about form follows function. What were they? What do you understand by the meaning of each of these? Explain in your own words.
The term “form follows function” states that a designer always has to recognize that the importance of the use of an object will always come before its aesthetic purpose. Supporters of modernism and functionalism understood this in two ways: the object must and only be created to serve its purpose without any additional aesthetics added,
Bibliography: Glaser, M. (2008). We Are All African. Retrieved from http://www.miltonglaser.com/the-work/c:posters/418/school-of-visual-arts-we-are-all-african/ Guo Pei. (2011). Red Shoes: Homage to Wizard of Oz. Retrieved from http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v74/dmpsychopath/Beyond%20Victoriana/red-shoe-homage-wizard-of-oz-shoes-by-asian-designers.jpg Hauffe, T. (1998). Introduction to Design: A Concise History (pp. 8-19). London: Lawrence King. Rams, D. (1959). Universal Shelving System. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/606-Universal-Shelving-System.jpg