Self-regulation, self-concept, relationships and society play an important role within the learning development as it enables a student to gain an understanding of the world and their place in it . Educating is not only concerned with knowledge of a subject, it is also important for students to learn about who they are and where they belong . Enabling students to take control of their learning through self-regulation gives them the skills to approach difficult situations , not only in schooling but real life dilemmas. Understanding how you feel and being able to evaluate it through self-concept gives students the confidence to make the right decisions in everyday life. Interacting and learning from others through relationships are the skills needed to build confidence and social skills. Accepting the importance of maintaining personal integrity, as well as conforming to social norms within society will allows student to recognise where they fit. In this discussion I will demonstrate how education can play an important role in the development of not only subject content but the four elements that a student learns in order to grow and fit into the world around them.
A student’s self-regulation will result in how they approach their learning, as well as deal with real life dilemmas. This can be achieved through partner work, goal setting and planning as well as incorporating challenging tasks with constructive criticism from the teacher. Erikson has effectively demonstrated this idea within his social development framework; his level of Identity vs. role confusion is an example of how allowing students to be confident within themselves encourages autonomy which in turn gives them confidence to participate and take control of learning activities. Self-regulation is not easily achieved as a student’s self-esteem is fragile, teachers need to be aware of how to deal with wrong answers and turn negative feedback into constructive criticism. Cantwell (2004) has successfully shown how negative feedback can influence a student’s self-regulation. When a student is given a challenging task and fails, the student loses their ability to challenge themselves and take control through fear of failing. The feeling of failure for a student has a debilitating effect on a student’s self-esteem as the student becomes insecure and unable to take control of their learning. Planning, goal setting, evaluating progress and adjusting strategies are ways that teachers can teach self-regulation within an academic subject. This will benefit the student as they will be able to see the benefits of using something they have learnt. Fox and Riconscente (2008) have successfully proven this concept within Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory. The zone of proximal development is used to demonstrate how a teacher can assist a student with a challenging task and encourage self-regulation. The positive feeling of accomplishing the task gives the student the confidence to continue to take control of their learning. Through self-regulation a student is able to control situations not only within the school environment but in real life situations preparing them to fit into the real world.
By enhancing a student’s self-concept within the classroom a student is able to determine what is right or wrong and where they should stand within moral situations. This can be achieved by teachers giving students adequate opportunities to openly explore dimensions of their identity as well as structuring activities that demonstrate competence and acknowledging it. A student’s self-concept should always be enhanced within the classroom as it is the link between good self esteem and learning. Creating a safe zone within a classroom is one way a teacher can enhance a student’s self-concept. Hamman and Hendricks (2005) successfully demonstrate how this method allows students to openly explore dimensions of their identity. By doing this the teacher creates...
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