HISTORY 2020 FIRST TAKE HOME EXAM
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Signature Date Short Answer
What deal between the two parties resulted from the 1876 election (2 points) The compromise of 1877. The Republicans agreed to pull out their troops from the south if the Democrats gave up in Hayes's election.
What two groups were the basis of the Democratic party after 1876? (Two points) White southerners solid south , white supramacy
What three commercial products came out of the south in the late 1800’s? (Three points) Coke, Pepsi, Dr.Pepper
For what three reasons did migrants move west in the late 1800’s? (Three points) Freedom, economic opportunities, land abundant
What legislation was enacted in response to President Garfield’s assassination? (One point) Pendleton Act, which meant that the federal government jobs were to be given based on superiority and throughout examination.
What was meant by “Rum, Romanism and Rebellion”? Why did this comment backfire on Republicans? (Three Points) comment made by Samuel Burchard, a protestant minister, that the Democratic part was Rum,Romanism and rebellion. This comment singled out mostly Irish Catholic men and created a stereotype and this pissed off the Catholic church so they told their church members to vote for Democrats.
What six inventions revolutionized society? (Six)
Elevator, Telephone, Type writer, Light bulb, Phonograph, Motion picture
What happened in Haymarket Square on May 1, 1886? What happened on May 4? Who was convicted in the trial? What did Governor Altgeld do in 1893? (Four points) The workers went on strike wanting better hours and better wages in Chicago. On may 4th he riot escalated and the police got involved . A bomb goes off on the 4th killing many people, however to this day no one knows who is responsible for it.
What was the Homestead Lockout? What did Alexander Berkman do? What did Carnegie do? (Three points) A dispute between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel workers and Andrew Carnegie's Steel Company. Beckman shot Frick in his office. Frick is in charge while Carnegie goes to Scottland, National troops come to end the strike and Carnegie doesn't respond when contacted about the strike.
Why did Pullman workers go on strike in 1895? What happened when Railroad workers went on a sympathy strike? What did President Cleveland do? How were the careers of Eugene Debs and Clarence Darrow affected? (Five points)
Workers didn't get paid much after they paid high rents to Pullman for those apartments he had built for them. Pullman raised rents and not the wages, gave stock owners 25% bonuses. Courts order a conjunction to the workers to stop the strike, people didn't listen. President Cleveland didn't think government should support or care about workers. Debs a stock owner and Darrow a Lawyer who represents Debs support the workers. Debs leads the socialist party of U.S 8 hr day/minimum wages/40hr week.
What problems did farmers face? (Three points)
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